Seller: geographicusmaps (3,941) 100%, Location: 11221, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 362525254053 1790 James Bruce Map of Ethiopia and the Source of the Nile ADDITIONAL IMAGES AVAILABLE ON REQUEST WE SELL ONLY ORIGINAL ANTIQUE MAPS - NOT REPRODUCTIONS Title: To My Worthy and Learned Friend the Honourable Daines Barrington This Plan of two Attempts to Arrive at the Source of the Nile is dedicated by his most Obliged and faithful Humble Servant James Bruce. Description: This is a fascinating, significant, beautifully engraved, intricately detailed 1790 map of ethiopia (Abyssinia) and the source of the Blue Nile by the Scottish adventurer James Bruce. Centered on Lake Tana (Tzana), this map covers from the ethiopian capital at Gondar south as far as the Saccala District and the Geesh Abay (Geesh Springs). The map plots Bruce's travels in search of the source of the Blue Nile starting from the ethiopian capital of Gondar. Local guides led Bruce southwards around Lake Tana (Tzana) and eventually down the Abay River to Gish Abay, the source of the Blue Nile. Bruce claimed to have discovered the Gish Abay springs, but in a fact that he was well aware of, was merely retracing the steps of the Jesuit missionaries Pedro Paez and Jeronimo Lobo. Bruce then traveled northwards, following the Blue Nile to its confluence with the White Nile in Nubia, before following an overland caravan route to Syene and thence back into egypt and europe. Bruce's exploits were ridiculed in his day, but much of the information he collected worked its way into the cartographic corpus, appearing in later maps of the region by Cary, Thomson, Pinkerton, and others. Cartographically this map makes a number of advances and well as promotes a number of misconceptions associated with Bruce's theories. The course of the Blue Nile as well as much of the Abyssinian interior is meticulously mapped and, by and large, accurate. Many claim that this map and Bruce's explorations in Abyssinia also contain a subtext relating to his Masonic and Templar associations. Bruce's ancestor, the Scottish King Robert the Bruce, harbored many of the Knights Templar during their prosecution in the 14th century. Some believe that Bruce inherited secret knowledge that sent him to ethiopia in search of Templar artifacts including, among other things, the Ark of the Covenant. Bruce himself remained silent on this matter â€šÃ„Ã¬ which is perhaps as telling as not â€šÃ„Ã¬ but to this day many, including most ethiopians, strongly believe that the Ark resides in the Coptic sanctuary of Axum, which Bruce indeed visited. engraved by J. Walker of Cavendish Square for James Bruce's five volume 1790 opus, Travels to Discover the Source of the Nile . First edition. Size: Printed area measures 21 inches high by 13 inches wide. Condition: Very good condition. Original pressmark visible. Blank on verso. Some margin repairs. Some wear and verso reinforcement along original fold lines. Shipping: Shipping rates are not negotiable. Items are shipped within three business days of receiving payment. We are happy to consolidate shipping where possible. The following shipping options are available: 1. FedEx Overnight (45 USD). USA Only. Signature Required. 2. FedEx Ground or Home Delivery (15 USD). USA Only. 1 - 10 days. If your address is a P.O. Box and cannot ship FedEx we will ship USPS Priority and, while we ship promptly, recent postal personnel cutbacks mean that delivery may take time. Signature Required. 3. FedEx International or DHL International EXPRESS (45 USD). 4. We can use your Federal Express Account. Customs: International buyers are responsible for paying duty and taxes on delivery. DHL or FedEx will contact the buyer by telephone to arrange payment. Duty varies by country and we cannot predict the amount you will be charged. Some countries are duty free, others are not. Typically, a customs duty and/or VAT tax will be assessed on all parcels to continental Europe. Sometimes duty or tax is due in China, but is seems very random. Hong Kong, Singapore, Korea, and Taiwan have never assessed duty on a map we shipped. Maps shipped to the UK should be duty free, but from time to time duty of 5% is assessed incorrectly by the UK customs agents. Insurance: All shipments are insured privately against loss and damage. All of our shipments require a signature. If you have any questions please feel free to email us through eBay or contact us by telephone at 646-320-8650. Other ServicesConservation Framing: Geographicus recommends basic conservation framing services for any antique paper. We do not offer this service. Antique Map Restoration: Geographicus can repair and restore your antique map. Services include deacidification cleaning flattening and backing. BEWARE anyone attempting to contact you, from a different eBay account, claiming to represent Geographicus Antique Maps. My eBay handle is GeographicusMaps. If you are contacted by email by someone offering you my items, please call me directly to be certain you are not dealing with a con artist. My phone number is 646-320-8650. " Condition: Very good condition. Original pressmark visible. Blank on verso. Some margin repairs. Some wear and verso reinforcement along original fold lines.