Seller: geographicusmaps (3,941) 100%, Location: 11221, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 362525254301 1826 Denham Map of Northern and Central Africa (Libya, Chad, Nigeria) ADDITIONAL IMAGES AVAILABLE ON REQUEST WE SELL ONLY ORIGINAL ANTIQUE MAPS - NOT REPRODUCTIONS Title: Map of the Travels and Discoveries Made in Northern and Central Africa by Dr. Oudney, Major Denham, and Capt. Clapperton, R.N. Description: This is a scarce and intriguing 1826 map of North and Central Africa. The map depicts parts of Libya, Chad, Nigeria, and Benin, as well as several other African nations, although no 'international' borders are depicted. The map illustrates the expedition led by Walter Oudney, Hugh Clapperton, and Dixon Denham in detail. It traces their route from the Mediterranean Sea, close to the city of Tripoli, south through the Sahara to Lake Chad (Lake Tchad), and west from Lake Chad to Sackatoo. Many notes and waypoints are marked along their route, allowing the viewer to trace their journey. Although most of the area that they did not explore for themselves is left blank, supposed courses of the several rivers they did map have been included. The map was drawn to accompany Narrative of Travels and Discoveries in Northern and Central Africa, in the year 1822, 1823, and 1824 by Major Denham, F.R.S., Captain Clapperton, and the late Doctor Oudney. The book was published in two volumes in 1826, mostly under the guidance of Denham. Dixon Denham (1786-1828) served in the British army during the Napoleonic Wars. Denham joined the expedition late, joining Clapperton and Oudney in Tripoli in Novemer 1821. Hugh Clapperton (1788-1827) was impressed into the British navy and also served during the Napoleonic Wars. Walter Oudney (1790-1824) was a physician. Dr. Oudney had been appointed by the British government as consul for promotion and trade to the Kingdom of Bornu (shown on the map to the left of Lake Chad). Denham carried orders from the Colonial Office that, upon reaching Bornu, Oudney was to remain there, while he and Clapperton were to 'explore the Country to the Southward and Eastward of Bornu, principally with a view to tracing the course of the Niger and ascertaining its Embouchure'. When the three of them reached the Kingdom of Bornu in sub-Saharan Africa in February 1823, they became the first Europeans to accomplish a north-south crossing of the Sahara Desert. Oudney died a year later, while still on the expedition. Dixon and Clapperton did not get along, and had not since the beginning of their journey. Oudney's death failed to abate their mutual antipathy, and they did not speak to each other once during their return trip to Tripoli. The map was published to accompany Dixon's Narrative of Travels and Discoveries in Northern and Central Africa, in the Years 1822, 1823, and 1824 , which was published in two volumes. The map was engraved by J. and C. Walker, and published by John Murray in London in 1826. Size: Printed area measures 24.5 inches high by 16.5 inches wide. Condition: Very good. Slight transferrance. Minor soiling. Backed on archival tissue for stability. Shipping: Shipping rates are not negotiable. Items are shipped within three business days of receiving payment. We are happy to consolidate shipping where possible. The following shipping options are available: 1. FedEx Overnight (45 USD). USA Only. Signature Required. 2. FedEx Ground or Home Delivery (15 USD). USA Only. 1 - 10 days. If your address is a P.O. Box and cannot ship FedEx we will ship USPS Priority and, while we ship promptly, recent postal personnel cutbacks mean that delivery may take time. Signature Required. 3. FedEx International or DHL International EXPRESS (45 USD). 4. We can use your Federal Express Account. Customs: International buyers are responsible for paying duty and taxes on delivery. DHL or FedEx will contact the buyer by telephone to arrange payment. Duty varies by country and we cannot predict the amount you will be charged. Some countries are duty free, others are not. Typically, a customs duty and/or VAT tax will be assessed on all parcels to continental Europe. Sometimes duty or tax is due in China, but is seems very random. Hong Kong, Singapore, Korea, and Taiwan have never assessed duty on a map we shipped. Maps shipped to the UK should be duty free, but from time to time duty of 5% is assessed incorrectly by the UK customs agents. Insurance: All shipments are insured privately against loss and damage. All of our shipments require a signature. If you have any questions please feel free to email us through eBay or contact us by telephone at 646-320-8650. Other ServicesConservation Framing: Geographicus recommends basic conservation framing services for any antique paper. We do not offer this service. Antique Map Restoration: Geographicus can repair and restore your antique map. Services include deacidification cleaning flattening and backing. BEWARE anyone attempting to contact you, from a different eBay account, claiming to represent Geographicus Antique Maps. My eBay handle is GeographicusMaps. If you are contacted by email by someone offering you my items, please call me directly to be certain you are not dealing with a con artist. My phone number is 646-320-8650. " Condition: Very good. Slight transferrance. Minor soiling. Backed on archival tissue for stability.