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Item:3625252544881835 Bradford Map of Egypt ADDITIONAL IMAGES AVAILABLE ON REQUEST WE SELL ONLY ORIGINAL ANTIQUE MAPS - NOT REPRODUCTIONS Title: Egypt. Description: This fine map of Egypt was printed by the important American mapmaker T. G. Bradford in 1835. It depicts Egypt, centered on the Nile River from its delta on the Mediterranean south as far as Aswan. Egypt is here divided in to Mamluk provinces of Bahari (Lower Egypt), Vostani (Middle Egypt), and Said (Upper Egypt). Bradford's map notes numerous cities and villages along the river as well as various ancient Egyptian ruins including the Pyramids of Giza and the ancient city of Thebes. It also notes Valley of the Lakes of Natron home to numerous important Egyptian Coptic monasteries. Near Suez, Bradford identifies the Ancient Canal which would soon give way to a more modern variant. In the Sinai Peninsula, a mountain labeled 'Gibbel Tour' or Mt. Sinai is noted. Bradford prepared that map in the declining days of the Ottoman Empire. After the conquest of Palestine by Muhammad Ali's Egypt in 1832, British intervention returned control of Palestine to the Ottoman rulers in 1840. In Egypt, following the expulsion of the Napoleonic forces by the Ottoman Mamluk Turks, Muhammad Ali, the Ottoman viceroy of Egypt, established the Mamluk dynasty that would rule Egypt until the Egyptian Revolution of 1952. Between 1820 and 1833, Ali annexed northern Sudan, Syria and parts of Arabia into the Mamluk Empire. The map was published as plate no. 108 in Thomas G. Bradford's 1835 Comprehensive Atlas Geographical, Historical and Commercial .Â¬â€ Bradford's atlas, published in 1835 was an important work on many levels.Â¬â€ First, it was one of the first American atlases to follow an encyclopedic format, offering readers extensive geographical and statistical tables to supplement the maps themselves.Â¬â€ Second, it was published in Boston and influenced the city's rise as a publishing center later in the 19th century (at the time most publishing in the United States was restricted to New York and Philadelphia).Â¬â€ Third, this atlas was the first to contain a separate and specific map showing the Republic of Texas.Â¬â€ Fourth and finally, Bradford's atlas in some instances broke the Euro-centric mold regarding atlas production.Â¬â€ Among other things, Bradford focused his atlas on the Americas and abandoned the classical decoration common in European atlases in favor of a more informational and inherently American approach. Bradford published this atlas in several editions and with various partners.Â¬â€ The first edition was published by William D. Ticktor and did not contain the iconic Republic of Texas map (although we have in fact seen Ticktor examples with a Texas map, suggesting, against conventional wisdom, that there may have been two Ticktor editions).Â¬â€ The second official edition, published in the same year by the American Stationers Company, was the first to contain the Republic of Texas map, which is based on Austin's map, with two pages of descriptive text.Â¬â€ A third edition was issued in 1836, also by American Stationers (though still dated 1835), and contained an unaltered Republic of Texas map with only a single page of descriptive test.Â¬â€ A fourth edition appeared later, possibly 1837, and included an updated and revised map of Texas that replaces the old Mexican land grants with new inchoate counties. The maps from this atlas are an important addition to any collection focusing on early American cartography and Republic of Texas cartography. All maps in this atlas, though not specifically noted as such, were most likely engraved by G. W. Boynton of Boston, who also engraved mostÂ¬â€ of the maps for Bradford's later publication. Size: Printed area measures 10.5 inches high by 8.5 inches wide. Condition: Very good. Original platemark visible. Minor spotting at places. Blank on verso. Shipping: Shipping rates are not negotiable. Items are shipped within three business days of receiving payment. We are happy to consolidate shipping where possible. The following shipping options are available: 1. FedEx Overnight (45 USD). USA Only. Signature Required. 2. FedEx Ground or Home Delivery (15 USD). USA Only. 1 - 10 days. If your address is a P.O. Box and cannot ship FedEx we will ship USPS Priority and, while we ship promptly, recent postal personnel cutbacks mean that delivery may take time. Signature Required. 3. FedEx International or DHL International EXPRESS (45 USD). 4. We can use your Federal Express Account. Customs: International buyers are responsible for paying duty and taxes on delivery. DHL or FedEx will contact the buyer by telephone to arrange payment. Duty varies by country and we cannot predict the amount you will be charged. Some countries are duty free, others are not. Typically, a customs duty and/or VAT tax will be assessed on all parcels to continental Europe. Sometimes duty or tax is due in China, but is seems very random. Hong Kong, Singapore, Korea, and Taiwan have never assessed duty on a map we shipped. Maps shipped to the UK should be duty free, but from time to time duty of 5% is assessed incorrectly by the UK customs agents. Insurance: All shipments are insured privately against loss and damage. All of our shipments require a signature. If you have any questions please feel free to email us through eBay or contact us by telephone at 646-320-8650. Other ServicesConservation Framing: Geographicus recommends basic conservation framing services for any antique paper. We do not offer this service. Antique Map Restoration: Geographicus can repair and restore your antique map. Services include deacidification cleaning flattening and backing. BEWARE anyone attempting to contact you, from a different eBay account, claiming to represent Geographicus Antique Maps. My eBay handle is GeographicusMaps. If you are contacted by email by someone offering you my items, please call me directly to be certain you are not dealing with a con artist. My phone number is 646-320-8650. "Condition:Very good. Original platemark visible. Minor spotting at places. Blank on verso.