Seller: geographicusmaps (3,941) 100%, Location: 11221, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 362525254844 1884 Colton Map of Northeast Africa During the Mahdist War ADDITIONAL IMAGES AVAILABLE ON REQUEST WE SELL ONLY ORIGINAL ANTIQUE MAPS - NOT REPRODUCTIONS Title: Map of the Seat of War in Africa. Africa North Eastern Sheet. Description: This is an extremely rare 1884 George Woolworth and Charles B. Colton broadsheet map of Northwest Africa during the Mahdist War, which lasted from 1881 until 1899. The map depicts the region from Italy and Libya to Iran, the Strait of Hormuz, and the Arabian Peninsula and from Greece, the Black Sea, and the Caspian Sea to Lake Victoria. Entitled Map of the Seat of War in Africa , several concurrent conflicts are being illustrated here. Overall, the entire conflict is known as the Mahdist War, which lasted from 1881 â€šÃ„Ã¬ 1899. Campaigns within the Mahdist War that had occurred by 1884 include the Anglo-Egyptian War (1882) and the Egyptian Expedition (1882) was the United States' response to the Anglo-Egyptian War. The Anglo-Egyptian War and the Egyptian Expedition of the United States The Anglo-Egyptian War, instigated by a coup attempt against Twefik Pasha, the Khedive of Egypt and Sudan, in 1878. A few years later, in January 1882, the British and French sent a 'Joint Note' to the Egyptian government which declared their recognition of the Khedive's government. By May, a joint British and French fleet had arrived at Alexandria, but they did not open fire on the city. It was not until July 11, 1882, after a British ultimatum had been rejected, that British warships (the French navy had been recalled to France) opened fire on Alexandria. Land battles between British and Egyptian forces did not occur until August, but, ultimately, the British restored the power of the Khedive. American Involvement in the Egypt The United States decided that it needed to be involved in order to protect American citizens and property in Alexandria, before the British bombardment. A squadron of three American ships arrived off Alexandria in late June and early July and operated as observers to the unfolding drama. Forewarned about the impending British bombardment of July 11th, American Rear Admiral James W. Nicholson alerted American citizens and opened the American ships to any and all refugees from the city who needed shelter or medical care. American marines and sailors were also the first foreign troops to land at Alexandria on July 14th, with orders to protect the American consulate, aid American citizens, and help put out the many fires ravaging the city. A Closer Look at the Map A highly detailed depiction of the region, myriad cities and towns are labeled from Greece to Lake Victoria, especially along the Nile River. Several of the larger cities are labeled in bold and highlighted, including Cairo, Alexandria, and Khartoum. Regions in Africa are shaded different colors, creating the impression of solid territorial boundaries, and some of these are labeled, including Nubia, Egypt, and Darfur. An inset map of the Nile River Delta is situated in the upper right corner and depicts the region from the Mediterranean Sea to Medinet el Fayouin. Several railroad lines are illustrated, one of the important innovations of the Mahdi War. As a large amount of the fighting took place south of Cairo and into Sudan, railroads played a vital role in supplying British forces. This map was published by George Woolworth and Charles B. Colton in 1884. While cartographically based on Colton's earlier atlas map of the same region, this is in fact a very rare map, with revised borders and updated content. We have only been able to locate one example in institutional collections. We are aware of no other positively identifiable examples. Size: Printed area measures 17 inches high by 13.5 inches wide. Condition: Very good. Even overall toning. Blank on verso. Shipping: Shipping rates are not negotiable. Items are shipped within three business days of receiving payment. We are happy to consolidate shipping where possible. The following shipping options are available: 1. FedEx Overnight (45 USD). USA Only. Signature Required. 2. FedEx Ground or Home Delivery (15 USD). USA Only. 1 - 10 days. If your address is a P.O. Box and cannot ship FedEx we will ship USPS Priority and, while we ship promptly, recent postal personnel cutbacks mean that delivery may take time. Signature Required. 3. FedEx International or DHL International EXPRESS (45 USD). 4. We can use your Federal Express Account. Customs: International buyers are responsible for paying duty and taxes on delivery. DHL or FedEx will contact the buyer by telephone to arrange payment. Duty varies by country and we cannot predict the amount you will be charged. Some countries are duty free, others are not. Typically, a customs duty and/or VAT tax will be assessed on all parcels to continental Europe. Sometimes duty or tax is due in China, but is seems very random. Hong Kong, Singapore, Korea, and Taiwan have never assessed duty on a map we shipped. Maps shipped to the UK should be duty free, but from time to time duty of 5% is assessed incorrectly by the UK customs agents. Insurance: All shipments are insured privately against loss and damage. All of our shipments require a signature. If you have any questions please feel free to email us through eBay or contact us by telephone at 646-320-8650. Other ServicesConservation Framing: Geographicus recommends basic conservation framing services for any antique paper. We do not offer this service. Antique Map Restoration: Geographicus can repair and restore your antique map. Services include deacidification cleaning flattening and backing. BEWARE anyone attempting to contact you, from a different eBay account, claiming to represent Geographicus Antique Maps. My eBay handle is GeographicusMaps. If you are contacted by email by someone offering you my items, please call me directly to be certain you are not dealing with a con artist. My phone number is 646-320-8650. " Condition: Very good. Even overall toning. Blank on verso.