Seller: geographicusmaps (3,941) 100%, Location: 11221, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 362525252171 1902 French Investment Map of Johannesburg, South Africa WE SELL ONLY ORIGINAL ANTIQUE MAPS - NOT REPRODUCTIONS Title: Carte Du District Du Witwatersrand (Transvaal) Montrant les PropriâˆšÂ©tâˆšÂ©s de la Johannesburg Consolidated Investment Company Limited PubliâˆšÂ©e Par La Revue Sud-Africaine. Description: This is a rare 1902 map of Johannesburg, South Africa, prepared for Johannesburg Consolidated Investment (JCI) to promote investment among the French. This map is centered on the modern center of Johannesburg and extends from Waterval to Guduld. Highlighting illustrates the Witwatersrand Gold Reef as well as properties owned in full (red) and part (blue) by the randlord Barney Bernato and his company, JCI. Surrounding illustrations highlight extant and proposed developments by JCI and are clearly intended to advocate for the wealth and commodiousness of life in the region. Cartographically the map is derived from, but considerably advanced over, Charles Sydney Goldmann's 1895 map of the Witwatersrand Gold Region published in the early days of the Gold Rush. This map was issued at the end of the Second Boer War (Oct 11, 1899 â€šÃ„Ã¬ May 31, 1902), itself a devolution from the 1886 Witwatersrand Gold Rush. The Boers, who then dominated the region, were mostly farmers, and few had the technical skills to exploit the newly discovered mines. Nonetheless, word got out of the gold discovery. When the wealth of the Witwatersrand Reef was fully understood, thousands flocked into the region creating the largest gold rushes in history. British diamond magnates, including Cecil Rhodes and JCI's founder Barney Bernato, maneuvered to seize control of the Witwatersrand Gold and its massive potential wealth. Measures, in the form of taxation and other restrictions, were taken by the Boer government to prevent control of the region from falling to the foreigners, or uitlanders , as they were known among the Boers. These tensions eventually led to the disastrous Jameson Raid and the Second Boer War. The mines were shut down and the British and Boers threw themselves at one another with a vengeance. By the end of the Second Boer War the region, now firmly in British hands, was utterly devastated by the scorched earth policies embraced by both sides. With the mines nonetheless scheduled to reopen, massive investment in infrastructure to support the reviving mining industry was necessary. Much of the pressure for new development fell to the randlords, like Bernato and Rhodes, who had both the capital and connections to foster major development. They raised funds and encouraged immigration into Johannesburg, developing shopping centers, adding electrical street lighting, railroads, sprawling grand hotels, and elegant mansions. This was the founding of modern Johannesburg, which soon became the largest city in South Africa, eclipsing Cape Town. The present map was issued in France by Bernato's company, the Johannesburg Consolidated Investment Company and La Revue Sud-Africaine to encourage investment in the region. The present map was issued in Paris, in French, and is clearly focused on developing a French investment base. Why Bernato chose to focus on French, rather than British investment is unclear. It is possible that it was attempt to edge in on his competitor, sometimes partner, and general nemesis, Cecil Rhodes, who received financing from the French Rothschild family. What is certain is that there was considerable investment interest in France. As early as 1893, there were several million shares of major South African mining companies in French portfolios. Henry Dupont published a regular journal La Revue Sud-Africaine , which focused exclusively the British controlled South African mining industry and was in fact, one of the co-publishers of this map. The map drawn and engraved by Langonnet et Langlet and published jointly by Johannesburg Consolidated Investment and the Revue Sud-Africaine . Not coincidentally, the Revue Sud-Africaine and Langonnet et Langlet also produced the 1895 Goldmann map of the Witwatersrand. Size: Printed area measures 24.5 inches high by 36.5 inches wide. Condition: Very good. Minor soiling. Backed on archival tissue. Shipping: Shipping rates are not negotiable. Items are shipped within three business days of receiving payment. We are happy to consolidate shipping where possible. The following shipping options are available: 1. FedEx Overnight (45 USD). USA Only. Signature Required. 2. FedEx Ground or Home Delivery (15 USD). USA Only. 1 - 10 days. If your address is a P.O. Box and cannot ship FedEx we will ship USPS Priority and, while we ship promptly, recent postal personnel cutbacks mean that delivery may take time. Signature Required. 3. FedEx International or DHL International EXPRESS (45 USD). 4. We can use your FedEx Account. Customs: International buyers are responsible for paying duty and taxes on delivery. DHL or FedEx will contact the buyer by telephone to arrange tax payment if it is levied. Duty varies by country and we cannot predict the amount you will be charged. Some countries are duty free, others are not. Typically, a customs duty and/or VAT tax will be assessed on all parcels to continental Europe. Sometimes duty or tax is due in China, but is seems very random. Hong Kong, Singapore, Korea, and Taiwan have never assessed duty on a map we shipped. Maps shipped to the UK should be duty free as educational materials, but from time to time duty of 5% is assessed incorrectly by the UK customs agents. Insurance: All shipments are insured privately against loss and damage. All of our shipments require a signature for insurance purposes. If you have any questions please feel free to email us through eBay or contact us by telephone at 646-320-8650. Other ServicesConservation Framing: Geographicus recommends basic conservation framing services for any antique paper. We do not offer this service. Antique Map Restoration: Geographicus can repair and restore your antique map. Services include deacidification cleaning flattening and backing. BEWARE anyone attempting to contact you, from a different eBay account, claiming to represent Geographicus Antique Maps. My eBay handle is GeographicusMaps. If you are contacted by email by someone offering you my items, please call me directly to be certain you are not dealing with a con artist. My phone number is 646-320-8650. " Condition: Very good. Minor soiling. Backed on archival tissue.