Everybody's War Map of South Africa 1904 W. R. Russell & Co. London

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Seller: hazelings (204) 100%, Location: Glasgow, Ships to: EuropeanUnion, Item: 303028123111 Folding map of South Africa published by W. R. Russell & Co. in London, 1904. In the lower right is an inset map showing the whole of the continent, while in the upper left is one of British Bechuanaland and Southern and Northern Rhodesia. Below the map is advertising for Donald Currie & Co, the owners of Castle Line, a Royal Mail Service for the Goldfields of South Africa. To the left of the map is a listing of all ships in the fleet, and on the right their ports of call en route to South Africa, and their connections from there. Railways in use, railways under construction, coach & wagon routes and goldfields are all included. The Second Boer War (11 October 1899 – 31 May 1902) was fought between the British Empire and two Boer states, the South African Republic (Republic of Transvaal) and the Orange Free State, over the Empire's influence in South Africa. The war started with the British overconfident and under-prepared. The Boers were very well armed and struck first, besieging Ladysmith, Kimberley, and Mafeking in early 1900, and winning important battles at Colenso, Magersfontein and Stormberg. Staggered, the British brought in large numbers of soldiers and fought back. General Redvers Buller was replaced by Lord Roberts and Lord Kitchener. They relieved the three besieged cities, and invaded the two Boer republics in late 1900. The onward marches of the British Army were so overwhelming that the Boers did not fight staged battles in defence of their homeland. The British quickly seized control of all of the Orange Free State and Transvaal, as the civilian leadership went into hiding or exile. In conventional terms, the war was over. The British officially annexed the two countries in 1900, and called a "khaki election" to give the government another six years of power in London. The Boers refused to surrender. They reverted to guerrilla warfare under new generals Louis Botha, Jan Smuts, Christiaan de Wet and Koos de la Rey. Two more years of surprise attacks and quick escapes followed. As guerrillas without uniforms, the Boer fighters easily blended into the farmlands, which provided hiding places, supplies, and horses. The war ended in surrender and British terms with the Treaty of Vereeniging in May 1902. The British successfully won over the Boer leaders, who now gave full support to the new political system. Both former republics were incorporated into the Union of South Africa in 1910, which Boers controlled. Donald Currie established the Castle shipping company in 1862, which consisted at first of sailing ships plying between Liverpool and Calcutta, owned by a circle of personal friends. Currie first introduced the plan of dispatching sailing ships on fixed dates, and in 1865, he made London the port of departure of his vessels and took up his residence there. The line grew steadily in strength and importance, and he resolved on a line of steamers from England to Cape Town, the first of which, the Iceland, a vessel of 946 tons, started on her outward trip on 23 January 1872. At the time the Union Steamship Company, founded in 1853, carried on the principal trade between England and South Africa and had the contract for the mail service. In 1876, the Cape parliament resolved to divide this service equally between the old company and the new. Ultimately in 1900, the two were amalgamated under the name of the Union-Castle Mail Steamship Company, Limited, the joint concern being managed by Messrs. Donald Currie & Co. Before Sir Donald's death the fleet of the united company consisted of forty-seven steamers, with a gross tonnage of 295,411 tons. The enormous improvement of communication between England and South Africa was largely due to Sir Donald and his ships. Measurements: 20½ x 17 in. (52 x 43 cm). Printed and issued in London by W. R. Russell & Co., Ltd, London, 1900. Conservation notes: Overall it's condition can be rated as very good, with slight tears at the two ends of the folded intersection. From a non-smoking, no pets household. Payment via PayPal only. Feel free to request additional photos or ask any questions. Thanks. Year: 1904, Date Range: 1900-1909, Country/Region: South Africa

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