Larp Viking Handcrafted Gold & Brass Necklace Mixed Stone & Shell Swsw

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Seller: cantusplanusjackie (423) 100%, Location: York, North Yorkshire, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 232761568412 Swanhilda's Sweets Reenactment Jewellery Viking Trade Routes Area V: Spice, Incense and Indian Silk Roads All of Europe, Africa, India and Sri Lanka (Please see below for general information) YOU ARE NOW LOOKING AT 1 unique handcrafted Viking Age necklace containing a representative bead mix from lands reachable viaEuropean, African and Indian trade routes All the gemstones in my collections are genuine,bought from reputable companies who can verify their origins.They are all natural unless otherwise stated. Modern origin of material may differ from origin during the Viking Age.This is due to rarity, location of mines and other differences in availability in modern times. I have not included precious stones since they are, as always, very costly.No gemstone discovered later than the Viking Age has been included.I have used metals with no or very low lead content unless otherwise stated.Bone and horn items are made from recycleddomestic cow, goat and water buffalo bones (see details)All trailed glass beads are reproductions made by Mike Poole of Tillerman Beads Reproductions or Replicas of archaeological finds are marked *RR* Each necklace is presented with a unique Pouch hand-stitched with re-enactment quality materials and a Leaflet tailored to your purchase giving information on the Trade Routes represented and all the materials used Necklace 32 VIPSuitable for males/females (previously listed at £24.99) Your unique Necklace contains:Thick Gold coloured (brass) torque-style wire with integral finials clasplaced with two thin Gold plated wires, beaded with4 large Golden obsidian round beads6 small red Agate round beads 16 small polished organic Seashell nuggets41 small Turquoise heishi (dyed and stabilised)8 large Gold finished steel discs2 small and 3 large Gold plated brass rondelles Your unique Re-enactment quality Pouch is made from:Coarse-woven dyed wool, hand-stitched with dyed hemp threadTop is embellished with hand-made, hand-dyed 100% wool tablet weaveSide seams fastened with blanket stitch, Centre ring of seashell nuggetsFinished with a double white leather thong drawstring with glass tightening and end beads WarningSome jewellery contains materials that are soft or brittle (eg amber, glass and jet):It is therefore recommended that they should not be worn into battle. Please feel free to contact me if you have any questions about the necklace or to arrange a different delivery method. GENERAL INFORMATION Viking Trade Route Areas During the Viking Age (9th-11th Centuries AD) many farmers left their wife in charge of the farmstead or young men bursting with ambition said farewell to their parents and headed in all directions of the compass. They were looking for objects, land, animals and even human slaves to keep or sell on: anything to enrich their lives. As time went on many began to settle in the lands they visited and these farmer-warriors invited their families and friends to join them. They established firm trade routes, many of which linked them up to trade from lands they had never seen. Some even became professional merchants. Area I: IRISH AND NORTH SEA AREA British Isles, Eire, Scandinavia and Iceland The Vikings travelled by sea in ocean-going ships and continued up navigable rivers in smaller boats with shallower keel, carrying them across land between rivers where necessary. They sold pelts, wool and linen cloths, animals and slaves, and artefacts made from ivory (walrus), antler and bone, as well as the coveted Baltic amber and Whitby jet from their homelands. They would have traded their skills and knowledge too, in boat-building, carving, brewing, storytelling and in many other ways. Area II: AMBER ROAD All of Europe and Africa Baltic Amber was very highly prized outside Scandinavia: the Amber Road ran from the Viking settlement of Kaup ('Market') near St Petersburg, along the Rivers Vistula and Dnieper through the Baltic States and Poland, Czechoslovakia, Austria/Hungary to Venice in Italy. From Italy there were trade routes to Greece and the ancient kingdoms of North Africa and beyond. Area III: VARANGIAN TRADE ROUTE All of Europe, Black Sea Area, Arabia The Russian Primary Chronicle records that the Swedish Rus settled in Novgorod (Old Norse Holmgarðr) in the year 862 CE under Rurik (although there may already have been a Scandinavian trading presence much earlier). The Norse called the area north of the Black Sea Garðaríki: they dominated its river systems and controlled the Varangian Trade Route. From 988 many young, strong Viking warriors joined the Varangian Guard: an elite personal bodyguard to the Roman Emperor in Miklagarðr (Byzantium/Constantinople, now called Istanbul). The Scandinavians called the Byzantine people 'Greeks' and this trade route is known as 'The Road from the Varangians to the Greeks.' It ran east from Gamla Uppsala, Sweden to the trading town called Aldeigjaborg in Old Norse or Staraya Ladoga in Old Slavic, which was on the Volkhov River, Russia. From there it ran south through the Rus' states to Kiev, then on through Khazar and Pecheneg territories, finally across the Black Sea to Miklagarðr. Area IV: VOLGA TRADE ROUTE All of Europe, ex-USSR States, Mediterranean Area, Middle East, India and Sri Lanka When the Swedish Vikings, called 'Rus' (most probably meaning 'Rowers'), traded eastwards on the Varangian Road to Staraya Ladoga, they also explored further east along the Volga River to the capital of the Bulgar people, then southwards along the Volga through Khazar territories to the Caspian Sea area and probably on through the Abbasid Caliphate and Samanid Emirate to link up with the ancient India Silk Road. Even if they did not get that far in person, their trade-goods would have been exchanged in these areas and exotic spices, silk, slaves etc would have been obtained. Area V: SPICE, INCENSE AND INDIAN SILK ROADS All of Europe, Africa, India and Sri Lanka) Exotic goods from the African and Indian continents would have been attractive to the Vikings. The Varangian and Volga trade routes would give access to the Mediterranean Sea and southern routes via portage and ancient canals built by the Egyptians and Persians between the Nile and the Red Sea. These opened up North Africa (and the African Interior) and there were also routes into the Indian sub-continent including the ancient India Silk Road, from where frankincense, cinnamon and other spices, silk, slaves, etc could be obtained, probably at vast expense. Area VI: CHINESE SILK ROAD All of Europe, ex-USSR States, Himalayan Area and China Chinese silk has been found in archaeological excavations in Viking contexts and it is possible that Vikings might have reached as far as China themselves: we know from runic inscriptions on memorial stones in Scandinavia that some people made an expedition 'to the East' and never returned to their homelands. China could have been accessed from a known trade route leaving Atil, capital of Khazaria, which lay on the Volga River north of the Caspian Sea, or else via an ancient trade route north of the Himalayas. Area VII: VINLAND ROUTE Scandinavia, Iceland, Greenland, Canada and Northern USA The Icelandic Sagas tell us that Vikings from Iceland explored and made two settlements in Greenland: it is known that these lasted until the late Middle Ages. In addition, it is now certain that the Vikings reached the North American Continent, establishing a settlement at L'Anse aux Meadows, at the northernmost tip of Newfoundland, Canada. Jasper was used by the Vikings to make fire-strikers, a precursor to the tinder-box. Examples have been found at L'Anse aux Meadows and using INAA (Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis) these have been shown to originate in Iceland and Greenland. Other finds at this site appear to have come from North Central Newfoundland, Baffin Island and Labrador. Archaeological evidence suggests that the Viking settlement in Canada survived only a few winters and the Sagas indicate that the explorers eventually returned eastwards. However, they may have explored and exchanged goods with Inuit and First Nations groups and obtained items from far afield in Greenland and the Americas. Viking Status Groups UNFREE Slave or Servant (normally would not have worn jewellery) FREEHOLDER Smallholder, fisherman, minor merchant and family PROMINENT PERSON Major landowner, merchant, warrior and family VIP Royalty, Jarl, Chieftain, Champion, Skald, Goþi/Gyþja Condition: New, Hand-crafted: Unique, Country/Region of Manufacture: United Kingdom, Type: LARP, Sub-Type: Viking Re-enactment (unisex), Brand: Swanhilda's Sweets, Viking Trade Routes: Area V: Spice, Incense & Indian Silk Roads

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