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Stunning rare 14th century heraldic pendant and hanger

£850.00 or Best Offer Sold, £7.45 Shipping

Seller: murciamood (270) 100%, Location: Bideford, Ships to: GB, Item: 263502552946 From my own private collection of medieval artifacts is this stunning and extremely rare example of a 14th century heraldic horse harness pendant. In very fine condition and complete with its original hanger and the blue and red enamel/ gilding still present. Comes with a display case to fully appreciate this wonderful artifact. The pendant measures 4 cms x 2.5 cms and the hanger measures 3 cms x 3.5. (A combined length of 7 cms.) This is a rare and ancient piece which more than likely belonged to a member of Edward III's household or perhaps even Edward III himself! Below is a detailed report carried out by the British Museum. This pendant and hanger would date to the 14th century English medieval period, with a probable date of circa 1340-1360 AD. The gilded and enamelled hanger has the typical three-lobed terminals seen generally on horse harness fittings of the period (retaining two of the original rivets) but is more ornate and more heavily decorated than usually seen. The central design shows a cross with a 'heart' motif in each angle, enamelled in red or blue. The gilded and enamelled pendant is secured to the hanger via a hinge and pin to swing freely. The heater shield shape of the pendant is typical for armorial depictions of the period. The combined arms depicted are those of England and France. The use of three gold lions on a red background (gules three lions passant guardant) for the English royal arms, ignoring personal badges of various kings, dates back to the period of Richard I but came into use in combination with those of France after 1340 in the reign of Edward III (per pale gules dexter three lions passant guardant or, sinister fleur de lys or) when he was pressing his claim, through his mother Isabelle de France, to the French throne. This era saw the beginning of the Hundred Years War between England and France; a period of almost continuous dispute with occasional outbursts of battle or invasion. In 1360, through the Treaty of Bretigny, Edward III renounced his claim to the French throne, although this treaty was repudiated in 1369 when Charles V declared war claiming the English had breached the treaty. Kings of England hereafter periodically made claims to the throne of France but it was not until the reign of Henry VI that England lost the last of its French territories. Even thereafter, up until the reign of George III, English coin legends in particular refer to the kingship of France. The French arms of multiple gold lilies (fleur de lis) on a blue background (azure semy of fleurs del lys or) were introduced by the Capets (1108-1322) and altered later to only three lilies (azure three fleurs de lys or) by the Valois after 1328. This form remained in general use up until the French Revolution. It should be noted that changes in arms, especially of foreign types, would have been adopted slowly so that the use of multiple fleurs within England may have continued significantly beyond 1328. The pendant, with others to match, would have decorated the harness of a royalist supporter; possibly a member of the royal household. Condition: Very fine condition with original gilding and blue and red enamel still present., Type: Heraldic pendant, Provenance: British museum report, Colour: Red, blue and gilt, Material: Iron

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