World Cup Russia 2018 Silver Coin Kremlin Moscow Gem Stone Red White Blue Flag

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Seller: Top-Rated Seller notinashyway (17,254) 99.7%, Location: Look at my other Items, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 303239769630 World Cup 2018 Coin Kremlin & Logo This Coin depicting the Kremlin with World Cup 2018 Logo The Tower at the top of the Kremlin has a White Gem Stone It has the words "World Cup Russia 2018" The reverse has the 2 Headed Eagle Emblem of Russia with the Red White and Blue of the Russian Flag The silver plated coin is 40mm in diameter, weighs about 1 oz. and comes in an acrylic coin holder. It also comes with a display stand A Beautiful coin and Magnificent Keepsake Souvenir for a Great Sporting Event In Excellent Condition A Must-Have Football Souvenir Would make an Excellent Gift or Collectable Keepsake souvineer of the best trophy in sport Sorry about the poor quality photos. They don't do the coin justice. 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I have sold items to coutries such as Afghanistan * Albania * Algeria * American Samoa (US) * Andorra * Angola * Anguilla (GB) * Antigua and Barbuda * Argentina * Armenia * Aruba (NL) * Australia * Austria * Azerbaijan * Bahamas * Bahrain * Bangladesh * Barbados * Belarus * Belgium * Belize * Benin * Bermuda (GB) * Bhutan * Bolivia * Bonaire (NL) * Bosnia and Herzegovina * Botswana * Bouvet Island (NO) * Brazil * British Indian Ocean Territory (GB) * British Virgin Islands (GB) * Brunei * Bulgaria * Burkina Faso * Burundi * Cambodia * Cameroon * Canada * Cape Verde * Cayman Islands (GB) * Central African Republic * Chad * Chile * China * Christmas Island (AU) * Cocos Islands (AU) * Colombia * Comoros * Congo * Democratic Republic of the Congo * Cook Islands (NZ) * Coral Sea Islands Territory (AU) * Costa Rica * Croatia * Cuba * Curaçao (NL) * Cyprus * Czech Republic * Denmark * Djibouti * Dominica * Dominican Republic * East Timor * Ecuador * Egypt * El Salvador * Equatorial Guinea * Eritrea * Estonia * Ethiopia * Falkland Islands (GB) * Faroe Islands (DK) * Fiji Islands * Finland * France * French Guiana (FR) * French Polynesia (FR) * French Southern Lands (FR) * Gabon * Gambia * Georgia * Germany * Ghana * Gibraltar (GB) * Greece * Greenland (DK) * Grenada * Guadeloupe (FR) * Guam (US) * Guatemala * Guernsey (GB) * Guinea * Guinea-Bissau * Guyana * Haiti * Heard and McDonald Islands (AU) * Honduras * Hong Kong (CN) * Hungary * Iceland * India * Indonesia * Iran * Iraq * Ireland * Isle of Man (GB) * Israel * Italy * Ivory Coast * Jamaica * Jan Mayen (NO) * Japan * Jersey (GB) * Jordan * Kazakhstan * Kenya * Kiribati * Kosovo * Kuwait * Kyrgyzstan * Laos * Latvia * Lebanon * Lesotho * Liberia * Libya * Liechtenstein * Lithuania * Luxembourg * Macau (CN) * Macedonia * Madagascar * Malawi * Malaysia * Maldives * Mali * Malta * Marshall Islands * Martinique (FR) * Mauritania * Mauritius * Mayotte (FR) * Mexico * Micronesia * Moldova * Monaco * Mongolia * Montenegro * Montserrat (GB) * Morocco * Mozambique * Myanmar * Namibia * Nauru * Navassa (US) * Nepal * Netherlands * New Caledonia (FR) * New Zealand * Nicaragua * Niger * Nigeria * Niue (NZ) * Norfolk Island (AU) * North Korea * Northern Cyprus * Northern Mariana Islands (US) * Norway * Oman * Pakistan * Palau * Palestinian Authority * Panama * Papua New Guinea * Paraguay * Peru * Philippines * Pitcairn Island (GB) * Poland * Portugal * Puerto Rico (US) * Qatar * Reunion (FR) * Romania * Russia * Rwanda * Saba (NL) * Saint Barthelemy (FR) * Saint Helena (GB) * Saint Kitts and Nevis * Saint Lucia * Saint Martin (FR) * Saint Pierre and Miquelon (FR) * Saint Vincent and the Grenadines * Samoa * San Marino * Sao Tome and Principe * Saudi Arabia * Senegal * Serbia * Seychelles * Sierra Leone * Singapore * Sint Eustatius (NL) * Sint Maarten (NL) * Slovakia * Slovenia * Solomon Islands * Somalia * South Africa * South Georgia (GB) * South Korea * South Sudan * Spain * Sri Lanka * Sudan * Suriname * Svalbard (NO) * Swaziland * Sweden * Switzerland * Syria * Taiwan * Tajikistan * Tanzania * Thailand * Togo * Tokelau (NZ) * Tonga * Trinidad and Tobago * Tunisia * Turkey * Turkmenistan * Turks and Caicos Islands (GB) * Tuvalu * U.S. Minor Pacific Islands (US) * U.S. Virgin Islands (US) * Uganda * Ukraine * United Arab Emirates * United Kingdom * United States * Uruguay * Uzbekistan * Vanuatu * Vatican City * Venezuela * Vietnam * Wallis and Futuna (FR) * Yemen * Zambia * Zimbabwe and major cities such as Tokyo, Yokohama, New York City, Sao Paulo, Seoul, Mexico City, Osaka, Kobe, Kyoto, Manila, Mumbai, Delhi, Jakarta, Lagos, Kolkata, Cairo, Los Angeles, Buenos Aires, Rio de Janeiro, Moscow, Shanghai, Karachi, Paris, Istanbul, Nagoya, Beijing, Chicago, London, Shenzhen, Essen, Düsseldorf, Bogota, Lima, Bangkok, Johannesburg, East Rand, Chennai, Taipei, Baghdad, Santiago, Bangalore, Hyderabad, St Petersburg, Philadelphia, Lahore, Kinshasa, Miami, Ho Chi Minh City, Madrid, Tianjin, Kuala Lumpur, Toronto, Milan, Shenyang, Dallas, Fort Worth, Boston, Belo Horizonte, Khartoum, Riyadh, Singapore, Washington, Detroit, Barcelona,, Houston, Athens, Berlin, Sydney, Atlanta, Guadalajara, San Francisco, Oakland, Montreal, Monterey, Melbourne, Ankara, Recife, Phoenix/Mesa, Durban, Porto Alegre, Dalian, Jeddah, Seattle, Cape Town, San Diego, Fortaleza, Curitiba, Rome, Naples, Minneapolis, St. Paul, Tel Aviv, Birmingham, Frankfurt, Lisbon, Manchester, San Juan, Katowice, Tashkent, Fukuoka, Baku, Sumqayit, St. Louis, Baltimore, Sapporo, Tampa, St. Petersburg, Taichung, Warsaw, Denver, Cologne, Bonn, Hamburg, Dubai, Pretoria, Vancouver, Beirut, Budapest, Cleveland, Pittsburgh, Campinas, Harare, Brasilia, Kuwait, Munich, Portland, Brussels, Vienna, San Jose, Damman , Copenhagen, Brisbane, Riverside, San Bernardino, Cincinnati and Accra Page semi-protected 2018 FIFA World Cup From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to navigationJump to search "2018 World Cup" redirects here. For other competitions of that name, see 2018 World Cup (disambiguation). "FIFA 2018" redirects here. For the video game, see FIFA 18. 2018 FIFA World Cup Чемпионат мира по футболу 2018 Chempionat mira po futbolu 2018[a] 2018 FIFA World Cup.svg 2018 FIFA World Cup official logo Tournament details Host country Russia Dates 14 June – 15 July Teams 32 (from 5 confederations) Venue(s) 12 (in 11 host cities) ← 20142022 → The 2018 FIFA World Cup will be the 21st FIFA World Cup, a quadrennial international football tournament contested by the men's national teams of the member associations of FIFA. It is scheduled to take place in Russia from 14 June to 15 July 2018,[1] after the country was awarded the hosting rights on 2 December 2010. This will be the first World Cup held in Europe since the 2006 tournament in Germany, the first ever to be held in Eastern Europe and the eleventh time that it has been held in Europe. All of the stadium venues are in European Russia to keep travel time manageable. The final tournament will involve 32 national teams, which include 31 teams determined through qualifying competitions and the automatically qualified host team. Of the 32 teams, 20 will be making back-to-back appearances following the last tournament in 2014, including defending champions Germany, while Iceland and Panama will both be making their first appearances at a FIFA World Cup. A total of 64 matches will be played in 12 venues located in 11 cities. The final will take place on 15 July at the Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow.[2][3][4] The winners of the World Cup will qualify for the 2021 FIFA Confederations Cup. Contents 1 Host selection 2 Teams 2.1 Qualification 2.2 Draw 2.3 Squads 3 Referees 4 Venues 4.1 Stadiums 4.2 Team base camps 5 Infrastructure 5.1 Volunteers 5.2 Transport 6 Schedule 7 Group stage 7.1 Tiebreakers 7.2 Group A 7.3 Group B 7.4 Group C 7.5 Group D 7.6 Group E 7.7 Group F 7.8 Group G 7.9 Group H 8 Knockout stage 8.1 Bracket 8.2 Round of 16 8.3 Quarter-finals 8.4 Semi-finals 8.5 Third place play-off 8.6 Final 9 Prize money 10 Marketing 10.1 Branding 10.2 Mascot 10.3 Ticketing 10.4 Match ball 10.5 Merchandise 10.6 Official song 11 Preparations and costs 12 Controversies 12.1 Response to Skripal poisoning 12.2 Terrorist threats 13 Broadcasting rights 14 Sponsorship 15 See also 16 Notes 17 References 18 External links Host selection Main article: Russia 2018 FIFA World Cup bid Russian bid personnel celebrate the awarding of the 2018 World Cup to Russia, December 2010. Russian president Vladimir Putin holding the FIFA World Cup Trophy at a pre-tournament ceremony in Moscow, September 2017 The 100-ruble Bank of Russia commemorative polymer note of 2018. The banknote celebrates the 2018 FIFA World Cup and features an image of Russian goalkeeping great Lev Yashin. The bidding procedure to host the 2018 and 2022 FIFA World Cups began in January 2009, and national associations had until 2 February 2009 to register their interest.[5] Initially, nine countries placed bids for the 2018 FIFA World Cup, but Mexico later withdrew from proceedings,[6] and Indonesia's bid was rejected by FIFA in February 2010 after the Indonesian government failed to submit a letter to support the bid.[7] During the bidding process, the three remaining non-UEFA nations (Australia, Japan, and the United States) gradually withdrew from the 2018 bids, and the UEFA nations were thus ruled out of the 2022 bid. As such, there were eventually four bids for the 2018 FIFA World Cup, two of which were joint bids: England, Russia, Netherlands/Belgium, and Portugal/Spain. The twenty-two-member FIFA Executive Committee convened in Zürich on 2 December 2010 to vote to select the hosts of both tournaments.[8] Russia won the right to be the 2018 host in the second round of voting. The Portugal/Spain bid came second, and that from Belgium/Netherlands third. England's bid to host its second tournament fell at the first hurdle.[9] The voting results were as follows:[10] 2018 FIFA bidding (majority 12 votes) Bidders Votes Round 1 Round 2 Russia 9 13 Portugal / Spain 7 7 Belgium / Netherlands 4 2 England 2 Eliminated The process was not without criticism: allegations of bribery on the part of the Russian team and corruption from FIFA members were made particularly by the English Football Association. It was alleged that four members of the executive committee had requested bribes to vote for England, and Sepp Blatter said that it had already been arranged before the vote that Russia would win.[11] The 2014 Garcia Report, an internal investigation led by Michael J. Garcia, was withheld from public release by Hans-Joachim Eckert, FIFA's head of adjudication on ethical matters. Eckert instead released a shorter revised summary, and his (and therefore FIFA's) reluctance to publish the full report caused Garcia to resign in protest.[12] Due to such controversy, the FA refused to accept Eckert's absolving of Russia from blame, with Greg Dyke calling for a re-examination of the affair and David Bernstein calling for a boycott of the World Cup.[13][14] Teams Qualification Main article: 2018 FIFA World Cup qualification For the first time in the history of the FIFA World Cup, all eligible nations – the 209 FIFA member associations minus automatically qualified hosts Russia – entered the qualifying process.[15] Zimbabwe and Indonesia were later disqualified before playing their first matches,[16][17] while Gibraltar and Kosovo, who joined FIFA on 13 May 2016 after the qualifying draw but before European qualifying had begun, also entered the competition.[18] Places in the tournament were allocated to continental confederations, with the allocation unchanged from the 2014 World Cup.[19][20] The first qualification game began in Dili, Timor Leste, on 12 March 2015 as part of the AFC's qualification,[21] and the main qualifying draw took place at the Konstantinovsky Palace in Strelna, Saint Petersburg on 25 July 2015 at 18:00 local time (UTC+3).[22][23][24][1] Of the thirty-two nations qualified to play at the 2018 FIFA World Cup, twenty countries competed at the previous edition of the tournament in 2014. Both Iceland and Panama qualified for the first time, with the former becoming the smallest country in terms of population to reach the World Cup.[25] Other teams returning after absences of at least three tournaments include: Egypt, returning to the finals after a 28-year absence from their last appearance in 1990; Morocco, who last competed in 1998; Peru, returning after a 36-year absence (since 1982); and Senegal, competing for the second time after reaching the quarter-finals in 2002. It is the first time three Nordic countries (Denmark, Iceland and Sweden) and four Arab nations (Egypt, Morocco, Saudi Arabia and Tunisia) have qualified for the World Cup.[26] Notable countries that failed to qualify include four-time champions Italy (for the first time since 1958) and three-time runner-up the Netherlands (for the first time since 2002), and four reigning continental champions: 2017 Africa Cup of Nations winner Cameroon, two-time Copa América champion and 2017 Confederations Cup runner-up Chile, 2016 OFC Nations Cup winner New Zealand, and 2017 CONCACAF Gold Cup champion United States (for the first time since 1986). The other notable qualifying streaks broken were for Ghana and Ivory Coast, who had both made the previous three tournaments. Note: Numbers in parentheses indicate positions in the FIFA World Rankings at the time of the tournament[27] AFC (5) Australia (36) Iran (37) Japan (61) Saudi Arabia (67) South Korea (57) CAF (5) Egypt (45) Morocco (41) Nigeria (48) Senegal (27) Tunisia (21) CONCACAF (3) Costa Rica (23) Mexico (15) Panama (55) CONMEBOL (5) Argentina (5) Brazil (2) Colombia (16) Peru (11) Uruguay (14) OFC (0) None qualified UEFA (14) Belgium (3) Croatia (20) Denmark (=12) England (=12) France (7) Germany (1) Iceland (22) Poland (8) Portugal (4) Russia (70) (hosts) Serbia (34) Spain (10) Sweden (24) Switzerland (6) Teams qualified for World Cup Teams failed to qualify for World Cup Teams expelled from the tournament by FIFA prior to playing a match Countries were not FIFA members Draw Main article: 2018 FIFA World Cup seeding The draw was held on 1 December 2017, at 18:00 MSK, at the State Kremlin Palace in Moscow.[28][29] The 32 teams were drawn into eight groups of four. For the draw, the teams were allocated to four pots based on the FIFA World Rankings of October 2017. Pot 1 contained the hosts Russia (who were automatically assigned to Position A1) and the best seven teams, Pot 2 contained the next best eight teams, and so on for Pots 3 and 4.[30] This was different from previous draws, where only Pot 1 was based on FIFA Rankings while the remaining pots were based on geographical considerations. However, still retained was the fact that teams from the same confederation were not drawn against each other for the group stage, except for UEFA where each group contained up to two teams. Pot 1 Pot 2 Pot 3 Pot 4 Russia (65) (hosts) Germany (1) Brazil (2) Portugal (3) Argentina (4) Belgium (5) Poland (6) France (7) Spain (8) Peru (10) Switzerland (11) England (12) Colombia (13) Mexico (16) Uruguay (17) Croatia (18) Denmark (19) Iceland (21) Costa Rica (22) Sweden (25) Tunisia (28) Egypt (30) Senegal (32) Iran (34) Serbia (38) Nigeria (41) Australia (43) Japan (44) Morocco (48) Panama (49) South Korea (62) Saudi Arabia (63) Squads Main article: 2018 FIFA World Cup squads Each team had to name a preliminary squad of 35 players. From the preliminary squad, the team had to name a final squad of 23 players (three of whom must be goalkeepers) by 4 June. Players in the final squad may be replaced due to serious injury up to 24 hours prior to kickoff of the team's first match and such replacements do not need to have been named in the preliminary squad.[31] For players named in the 35-player preliminary squad, there was a mandatory rest period between 21 and 27 May 2018, except for those involved in the 2018 UEFA Champions League Final played on 26 May.[32] Initially the preliminary squads were to have 30 players but, in February 2018, it was announced that the number of players to be named in the provisional squads would be increased to 35.[33] Referees Main article: 2018 FIFA World Cup officials On 16 March 2018, the FIFA Council approved the use of video assistant referees (VAR) for the first time in a FIFA World Cup tournament.[34] On 29 March 2018, FIFA released the list of 36 referees and 63 assistant referees selected to oversee matches.[35] On 30 April 2018, FIFA released the list of 13 video assistant referees, who will solely act as VARs in the tournament.[36] On 30 May 2018, Saudi referee Fahad Al-Mirdasi was banned for life over match fixing,[37] and he and his two assistant referees, Mohammed Al Abakry and Abdulah Alshalwai, were removed. A new referee was not appointed, but two assistant referees, Hasan Almahri of United Arab Emirates and Hiroshi Yamauchi of Japan, received appointments.[38][39] List of officials Venues Wikimedia Commons has media related to Stadiums of FIFA World Cup 2018. Russia proposed the following host cities: Kaliningrad, Kazan, Krasnodar, Moscow, Nizhny Novgorod, Rostov-on-Don, Saint Petersburg, Samara, Saransk, Sochi, Volgograd, Yaroslavl, and Yekaterinburg.[40] All the cities are in or just outside European Russia to reduce travel time for the teams in the huge country. The bid evaluation report stated: "The Russian bid proposes 13 host cities and 16 stadiums, thus exceeding FIFA's minimum requirement. Three of the 16 stadiums would be renovated, and 13 would be newly constructed."[41] In October 2011, Russia decreased the number of stadiums from 16 to 14. Construction of the proposed Podolsk stadium in the Moscow region was cancelled by the regional government, and also in the capital, Otkrytiye Arena was competing with Dynamo Stadium over which would be constructed first.[42] The final choice of host cities was announced on 29 September 2012. The number of cities was further reduced to 11 and number of stadiums to 12 as Krasnodar and Yaroslavl were dropped from the final list. Of the 12 stadiums used for the tournament, 3 (Luzhniki, Yekaterinburg and Sochi) have been extensively renovated and the other 9 stadiums to be used are brand new; $11.8 billion has been spent on hosting the tournament.[43] Sepp Blatter stated in July 2014 that due to concerns over the completion of venues in Russia, the number of venues for the tournament may be reduced from 12 to 10. He also said, "We are not going to be in a situation, as is the case of one, two or even three stadiums in South Africa, where it is a problem of what you do with these stadiums".[44] In October 2014, on their first official visit to Russia, FIFA's inspection committee and its head Chris Unger visited St Petersburg, Sochi, Kazan and both Moscow venues. They were satisfied with the progress.[45] On 8 October 2015, FIFA and the Local Organising Committee agreed on the official names of the stadiums used during the tournament.[46] Of the 12 venues used, the Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow and the Saint Petersburg Stadium (the two largest stadiums in Russia) will be used most, with 7 matches being played at each of these stadiums. Sochi, Kazan, Nizhny Novgorod and Samara will host 6 matches including one quarter-final match apiece, and the Otkrytiye Stadium in Moscow and Rostov-on-Don will host 5 matches apiece including one round of 16 match each. Volgograd, Kaliningrad, Yekaterinburg, and Saransk will host 4 matches each and none of these cities will host any knockout stage games. Stadiums A total of 12 stadiums in 11 Russian cities have been built and renovated for the FIFA World Cup. Samara: Samara Arena (seating capacity during the FIFA World Cup: 45,000). The construction officially started on 21 July 2014. The project was completed on 21 April 2018. Nizhny Novgorod: Nizhny Novgorod Stadium (seating capacity during the FIFA World Cup: 45,000). The construction of the Nizhny Novgorod Stadium commenced in 2015. The project was completed in December 2017.[47] Volgograd: Volgograd Arena (seating capacity during the FIFA World Cup: 45,000). The main arena of Volgograd was built on the demolished Central Stadium site, at the foot of the Mamayev Kurgan memorial complex. The stadium was commissioned on 3 April 2018.[48] Ekaterinburg: Ekaterinburg Arena (seating capacity during the FIFA World Cup: 35,000). The Central Stadium of Ekaterinburg has been renovated for the FIFA World Cup. The arena's stands will have a capacity of 35,000 spectators. The renovation project was completed in December 2017. Saransk: Mordovia Arena (seating capacity during the FIFA World Cup: 44,000). The stadium in Saransk was scheduled to be commissioned in 2012 in time for the opening of the all-Russian Spartakiad, but the plan was revised. The opening was rescheduled to 2017. The arena hosted its first match on 21 April 2018. Rostov-on-Don: Rostov Arena (seating capacity during the FIFA World Cup: 45,000). The stadium is located on the left bank of the Don River. The stadium construction was completed on 22 December 2017. Kaliningrad: Kaliningrad Stadium (seating capacity during the FIFA World Cup: 35,000). The first piles were driven into the ground in September 2015. On 11 April 2018 the new stadium hosted its first match. Kazan: Kazan Arena (seating capacity during the FIFA World Cup: 45,000). The stadium was built for the 2013 Summer Universiade. It has since hosted the 2015 World Aquatics Championship and the 2017 FIFA Confederations Cup. The stadium serves as a home arena to FC Rubin Kazan. Moscow: Spartak Stadium (seating capacity during the FIFA World Cup: 45,000). The stadium is a home arena to its namesake FC Spartak Moscow. In accordance with the FIFA requirements, during the 2018 World Cup it will be called Spartak Stadium instead of its usual name Otkritie Arena. The stadium hosted its first match on 5 September 2014. Sochi: Fisht Stadium (seating capacity during the FIFA World Cup: 45,000). The stadium is one of 22 arenas in history to host the opening and closing ceremonies of the Winter Olympics. After Sochi 2014, the arena was renovated in preparation for the 2017 FIFA Confederations Cup and 2018 World Cup. Saint Petersburg: Saint Petersburg Stadium (seating capacity during the FIFA World Cup: 67,000). The construction of the stadium commenced in 2007. The project was officially completed on 29 December 2016.[49]The stadium has hosted games of the 2017 FIFA Confederations Cup and will serve as a venue for the 2018 FIFA World Cup and the 2020 UEFA European Football Championship. Moscow: Luzhniki Stadium (seating capacity during the FIFA World Cup: 80,000). The largest stadium in the country was closed for renovation in 2013. The stadium was commissioned in November 2017. Moscow Saint Petersburg Sochi Luzhniki Stadium Otkritie Arena (Spartak Stadium) Krestovsky Stadium (Saint Petersburg Stadium) Fisht Olympic Stadium (Fisht Stadium) Capacity: 81,000 Capacity: 45,360 Capacity: 68,134 Capacity: 47,659 Вид на стадион Лужники.jpg Stadium Spartak in Moscow.jpg Spb 06-2017 img40 Krestovsky Stadium.jpg Fisht Stadium in January 2018.jpg Samara 2018 FIFA World Cup is located in European Russia MoscowMoscowSaint PetersburgSaint PetersburgKaliningradKaliningradNizhny NovgorodNizhny NovgorodKazanKazanSamaraSamaraVolgogradVolgogradSaranskSaranskSochiSochiRostov-on-DonRostov-on-DonYekaterinburgYekaterinburg Kazan Cosmos Arena (Samara Arena) Kazan Arena Capacity: 44,918 Capacity: 45,379 Krylya Fakel test 1.jpg Kazan Arena 08-2016.jpg Rostov-on-Don Volgograd Rostov Arena Volgograd Arena Capacity: 45,000 Capacity: 45,568 Rostov-Arens (april 2018) 01.jpg Construction of Volgograd Arena inside 04.jpg Nizhny Novgorod Saransk Yekaterinburg Kaliningrad Nizhny Novgorod Stadium Mordovia Arena Central Stadium (Ekaterinburg Arena) Kaliningrad Stadium Capacity: 44,899 Capacity: 44,442 Capacity: 35,696 Capacity: 35,212 Nizhny Novgorod Stadium 2018-05-02 (2).jpg Стадион Mordovia arena.jpg Estadio Central (Ekaterinburg-arena).jpg Kaliningrad stadium - 2018-04-07.jpg Team base camps Base camps will be used by the 32 national squads to stay and train before and during the World Cup tournament. On 9 February 2018, FIFA announced the base camps for each participating team.[50] Argentina: Bronnitsy, Moscow Oblast Australia: Kazan, Republic of Tatarstan Belgium: Krasnogorsky, Moscow Oblast Brazil: Sochi, Krasnodar Krai Colombia: Verkhneuslonsky, Republic of Tatarstan Costa Rica: Saint Petersburg Croatia: Vyborgsky, Leningrad Oblast Denmark: Anapa, Krasnodar Krai Egypt: Grozny, Chechen Republic England: Saint Petersburg France: Istra, Moscow Oblast Germany: Moscow Iceland: Gelendzhik, Krasnodar Krai Iran: Bakovka, Moscow Oblast Japan: Kazan, Republic of Tatarstan Mexico: Khimki, Moscow Oblast Morocco: Voronezh, Voronezh Oblast Nigeria: Yessentuki, Stavropol Krai Panama: Saransk, Republic of Mordovia Peru: Moscow Poland: Sochi, Krasnodar Krai Portugal: Ramenskoye, Moscow Oblast Russia: Khimki, Moscow Oblast Saudi Arabia: Saint Petersburg Senegal: Kaluga, Kaluga Oblast Serbia: Svetlogorsk, Kaliningrad Oblast South Korea: Saint Petersburg Spain: Krasnodar, Krasnodar Krai Switzerland: Togliatti, Samara Oblast Sweden: Gelendzhik, Krasnodar Krai Tunisia: Pervomayskoye, Moscow Oblast Uruguay: Bor, Nizhny Novgorod Oblast Infrastructure As part of the program for preparation to the 2018 FIFA World Cup, a federal sub-program “Construction and Renovation of Transport Infrastructure” was implemented with a total budget of 352.5 billion rubles, with 170.3 billion coming from the federal budget, 35.1 billion from regional budgets, and 147.1 billion from investors.[51] The biggest item of federal spending was the aviation infrastructure (117.8 billion rubles).[52] Construction of new hotels was a crucial area of infrastructure development in the World Cup host cities.[53] Platov International Airport in Rostov-on-Don was upgraded with automated air traffic control systems, modern surveillance, navigation, communication, control, and meteorological support systems.[54] Koltsovo Airport was upgraded with radio-engineering tools for flight operation and received its second runway strip. Saransk Airport received a new navigation system. Khrabrovo Airport was upgraded with radio navigation and weather equipment.[55] Renovation and upgrade of radio-engineering tools for flight operation was completed in the airports of Moscow, Saint Petersburg, Volgograd, Samara and Ekaterinburg, Kazan and Sochi.[56] On 27 March, the Ministry of Construction Industry, Housing and Utilities Sector of Russia reported that all communications within its area of responsibility have been commissioned. The last facility commissioned was a waste treatment station in Volgograd. Volunteers Volunteer applications to the Russia 2018 Local Organising Committee opened on 1 June 2016. The 2018 FIFA World Cup Russia Volunteer Program has set a new record: by 30 December when application period was over, the organisers received about 177,000 applications.[57] The 2018 FIFA World Cup will engage a total of 17,040 volunteers and more than 18,000 city volunteers in the 11 host cities.[58] They received training at 15 Volunteer Centres of the Local Organising Committee based in 15 universities, and in Volunteer Centres in the host cities. Preference, especially in the key areas, is given to those with knowledge of foreign languages and volunteering experience. Volunteers can be nationals of Russia or any other countries.[59] Transport Fans arriving for the 2018 FIFA World Cup carrying a ticket and a FAN ID can access free-of-charge railway link to the host city. This service will be provided by additional trains. Free travel by special additional trains to host cities during the World Cup will be available to spectators carrying tickets, or documents confirming their right to obtain tickets, and a FAN ID.[60] Fans carrying a ticket and a FAN ID will be able to use public transport in host cities free of charge on game days. Schedule A ceremony in Moscow launching the countdown from 1,000 days until the 2018 FIFA Football World Cup begins in Russia. The full schedule was announced by FIFA on 24 July 2015 (without kick-off times, which were confirmed later).[61][62] On 1 December 2017, following the final draw, six kick-off times were adjusted by FIFA.[63] Russia was placed in position A1 in the group stage and will play in the opening match at the Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow on 14 June against Saudi Arabia, the two lowest ranked teams of the tournament at the time of the final draw.[64] The Luzhniki Stadium will also host the second semi-final on 11 July and the final on 15 July. The Krestovsky Stadium in Saint Petersburg will host the first semi-final on 10 July and the third place play-off on 14 July.[19] Group stage The top two teams of each group advance to the round of 16. Matches are played on a round-robin basis. All times listed below are local time.[63] Tiebreakers The rankings of teams in each group are determined as follows (regulations Article 32.5):[31] points obtained in all group matches; goal difference in all group matches; number of goals scored in all group matches; If two or more teams are equal on the basis of the above three criteria, their rankings are determined as follows: points obtained in the group matches between the teams concerned; goal difference in the group matches between the teams concerned; number of goals scored in the group matches between the teams concerned; fair play points first yellow card: minus 1 point; indirect red card (second yellow card): minus 3 points; direct red card: minus 4 points; yellow card and direct red card: minus 5 points; drawing of lots by the FIFA Organising Committee. Group A Main article: 2018 FIFA World Cup Group A Pos Team [ v t e ] Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification 1 Russia (H) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Advance to knockout stage 1 Saudi Arabia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 Egypt 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 Uruguay 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 First match(es) will be played on 14 June 2018. Source: FIFA Rules for classification: Group stage tiebreakers (H) Host. 14 June 201818:00 MSK (UTC+3) Russia Match 1 Saudi Arabia Report Luzhniki Stadium, Moscow 15 June 201817:00 YEKT (UTC+5) Egypt Match 2 Uruguay Report Central Stadium, Yekaterinburg 19 June 201821:00 MSK (UTC+3) Russia Match 17 Egypt Report Krestovsky Stadium, Saint Petersburg 20 June 201818:00 MSK (UTC+3) Uruguay Match 18 Saudi Arabia Report Rostov Arena, Rostov-on-Don 25 June 201818:00 SAMT (UTC+4) Uruguay Match 33 Russia Report Cosmos Arena, Samara 25 June 201817:00 MSK (UTC+3) Saudi Arabia Match 34 Egypt Report Volgograd Arena, Volgograd Group B Main article: 2018 FIFA World Cup Group B Pos Team [ v t e ] Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification 1 Portugal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Advance to knockout stage 1 Spain 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 Morocco 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 First match(es) will be played on 15 June 2018. Source: FIFA Rules for classification: Group stage tiebreakers 15 June 201818:00 MSK (UTC+3) Morocco Match 4 Iran Report Krestovsky Stadium, Saint Petersburg 15 June 201821:00 MSK (UTC+3) Portugal Match 3 Spain Report Fisht Olympic Stadium, Sochi 20 June 201815:00 MSK (UTC+3) Portugal Match 19 Morocco Report Luzhniki Stadium, Moscow 20 June 201821:00 MSK (UTC+3) Iran Match 20 Spain Report Kazan Arena, Kazan 25 June 201821:00 MSK (UTC+3) Iran Match 35 Portugal Report Mordovia Arena, Saransk 25 June 201820:00 KALT (UTC+2) Spain Match 36 Morocco Report Kaliningrad Stadium, Kaliningrad Group C Main article: 2018 FIFA World Cup Group C Pos Team [ v t e ] Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification 1 France 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Advance to knockout stage 1 Australia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 Peru 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 Denmark 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 First match(es) will be played on 16 June 2018. Source: FIFA Rules for classification: Group stage tiebreakers 16 June 201813:00 MSK (UTC+3) France Match 5 Australia Report Kazan Arena, Kazan 16 June 201819:00 MSK (UTC+3) Peru Match 6 Denmark Report Mordovia Arena, Saransk 21 June 201816:00 SAMT (UTC+4) Denmark Match 22 Australia Report Cosmos Arena, Samara 21 June 201820:00 YEKT (UTC+5) France Match 21 Peru Report Central Stadium, Yekaterinburg 26 June 201817:00 MSK (UTC+3) Denmark Match 37 France Report Luzhniki Stadium, Moscow 26 June 201817:00 MSK (UTC+3) Australia Match 38 Peru Report Fisht Olympic Stadium, Sochi Group D Main article: 2018 FIFA World Cup Group D Pos Team [ v t e ] Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification 1 Argentina 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Advance to knockout stage 1 Iceland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 Croatia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 Nigeria 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 First match(es) will be played on 16 June 2018. Source: FIFA Rules for classification: Group stage tiebreakers 16 June 201816:00 MSK (UTC+3) Argentina Match 7 Iceland Report Otkritie Arena, Moscow 16 June 201821:00 KALT (UTC+2) Croatia Match 8 Nigeria Report Kaliningrad Stadium, Kaliningrad 21 June 201821:00 MSK (UTC+3) Argentina Match 23 Croatia Report Nizhny Novgorod Stadium, Nizhny Novgorod 22 June 201818:00 MSK (UTC+3) Nigeria Match 24 Iceland Report Volgograd Arena, Volgograd 26 June 201821:00 MSK (UTC+3) Nigeria Match 39 Argentina Report Krestovsky Stadium, Saint Petersburg 26 June 201821:00 MSK (UTC+3) Iceland Match 40 Croatia Report Rostov Arena, Rostov-on-Don Group E Main article: 2018 FIFA World Cup Group E Pos Team [ v t e ] Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification 1 Brazil 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Advance to knockout stage 1 Switzerland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 Costa Rica 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 Serbia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 First match(es) will be played on 17 June 2018. Source: FIFA Rules for classification: Group stage tiebreakers 17 June 201816:00 SAMT (UTC+4) Costa Rica Match 10 Serbia Report Cosmos Arena, Samara 17 June 201821:00 MSK (UTC+3) Brazil Match 9 Switzerland Report Rostov Arena, Rostov-on-Don 22 June 201815:00 MSK (UTC+3) Brazil Match 25 Costa Rica Report Krestovsky Stadium, Saint Petersburg 22 June 201820:00 KALT (UTC+2) Serbia Match 26 Switzerland Report Kaliningrad Stadium, Kaliningrad 27 June 201821:00 MSK (UTC+3) Serbia Match 41 Brazil Report Otkritie Arena, Moscow 27 June 201821:00 MSK (UTC+3) Switzerland Match 42 Costa Rica Report Nizhny Novgorod Stadium, Nizhny Novgorod Group F Main article: 2018 FIFA World Cup Group F Pos Team [ v t e ] Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification 1 Germany 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Advance to knockout stage 1 Mexico 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 Sweden 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 South Korea 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 First match(es) will be played on 17 June 2018. Source: FIFA Rules for classification: Group stage tiebreakers 17 June 201818:00 MSK (UTC+3) Germany Match 11 Mexico Report Luzhniki Stadium, Moscow 18 June 201815:00 MSK (UTC+3) Sweden Match 12 South Korea Report Nizhny Novgorod Stadium, Nizhny Novgorod 23 June 201818:00 MSK (UTC+3) South Korea Match 28 Mexico Report Rostov Arena, Rostov-on-Don 23 June 201821:00 MSK (UTC+3) Germany Match 27 Sweden Report Fisht Olympic Stadium, Sochi 27 June 201817:00 MSK (UTC+3) South Korea Match 43 Germany Report Kazan Arena, Kazan 27 June 201819:00 YEKT (UTC+5) Mexico Match 44 Sweden Report Central Stadium, Yekaterinburg Group G Main article: 2018 FIFA World Cup Group G Pos Team [ v t e ] Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification 1 Belgium 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Advance to knockout stage 1 Panama 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 Tunisia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 England 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 First match(es) will be played on 18 June 2018. Source: FIFA Rules for classification: Group stage tiebreakers 18 June 201818:00 MSK (UTC+3) Belgium Match 13 Panama Report Fisht Olympic Stadium, Sochi 18 June 201821:00 MSK (UTC+3) Tunisia Match 14 England Report Volgograd Arena, Volgograd 23 June 201815:00 MSK (UTC+3) Belgium Match 29 Tunisia Report Otkritie Arena, Moscow 24 June 201815:00 MSK (UTC+3) England Match 30 Panama Report Nizhny Novgorod Stadium, Nizhny Novgorod 28 June 201820:00 KALT (UTC+2) England Match 45 Belgium Report Kaliningrad Stadium, Kaliningrad 28 June 201821:00 MSK (UTC+3) Panama Match 46 Tunisia Report Mordovia Arena, Saransk Group H Main article: 2018 FIFA World Cup Group H Pos Team [ v t e ] Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification 1 Poland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Advance to knockout stage 1 Senegal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 Colombia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 Japan 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 First match(es) will be played on 19 June 2018. Source: FIFA Rules for classification: Group stage tiebreakers 19 June 201815:00 MSK (UTC+3) Colombia Match 16 Japan Report Mordovia Arena, Saransk 19 June 201818:00 MSK (UTC+3) Poland Match 15 Senegal Report Otkritie Arena, Moscow 24 June 201820:00 YEKT (UTC+5) Japan Match 32 Senegal Report Central Stadium, Yekaterinburg 24 June 201821:00 MSK (UTC+3) Poland Match 31 Colombia Report Kazan Arena, Kazan 28 June 201817:00 MSK (UTC+3) Japan Match 47 Poland Report Volgograd Arena, Volgograd 28 June 201818:00 SAMT (UTC+4) Senegal Match 48 Colombia Report Cosmos Arena, Samara Knockout stage Main article: 2018 FIFA World Cup knockout stage In the knockout stages, if a match is level at the end of normal playing time, extra time is played (two periods of 15 minutes each) and followed, if necessary, by a penalty shoot-out to determine the winners.[31] If a match goes into extra time, each team will be allowed to make a fourth substitution, the first time this has been allowed in a FIFA World Cup tournament.[34] Bracket Round of 16 Quarter-finals Semi-finals Final 30 June – Sochi Winners Group A 6 July – Nizhny Novgorod Runners-up Group B Winners Match 49 30 June – Kazan Winners Match 50 Winners Group C 10 July – Saint Petersburg Runners-up Group D Winners Match 57 2 July – Samara Winners Match 58 Winners Group E 6 July – Kazan Runners-up Group F Winners Match 53 2 July – Rostov-on-Don Winners Match 54 Winners Group G 15 July – Moscow (Luzhniki) Runners-up Group H Winners Match 61 1 July – Moscow (Luzhniki) Winners Match 62 Winners Group B 7 July – Sochi Runners-up Group A Winners Match 51 1 July – Nizhny Novgorod Winners Match 52 Winners Group D 11 July – Moscow (Luzhniki) Runners-up Group C Winners Match 59 3 July – Saint Petersburg Winners Match 60 Third place play-off Winners Group F 7 July – Samara 14 July – Saint Petersburg Runners-up Group E Winners Match 55 Losers Match 61 3 July – Moscow (Otkritie) Winners Match 56 Losers Match 62 Winners Group H Runners-up Group G Round of 16 30 June 201817:00 MSK (UTC+3) Winners Group C Match 50 Runners-up Group D Kazan Arena, Kazan 30 June 201821:00 MSK (UTC+3) Winners Group A Match 49 Runners-up Group B Fisht Olympic Stadium, Sochi 1 July 201817:00 MSK (UTC+3) Winners Group B Match 51 Runners-up Group A Luzhniki Stadium, Moscow 1 July 201821:00 MSK (UTC+3) Winners Group D Match 52 Runners-up Group C Nizhny Novgorod Stadium, Nizhny Novgorod 2 July 201818:00 SAMT (UTC+4) Winners Group E Match 53 Runners-up Group F Cosmos Arena, Samara 2 July 201821:00 MSK (UTC+3) Winners Group G Match 54 Runners-up Group H Rostov Arena, Rostov-on-Don 3 July 201817:00 MSK (UTC+3) Winners Group F Match 55 Runners-up Group E Krestovsky Stadium, Saint Petersburg 3 July 201821:00 MSK (UTC+3) Winners Group H Match 56 Runners-up Group G Otkritie Arena, Moscow Quarter-finals 6 July 201817:00 MSK (UTC+3) Winners Match 49 Match 57 Winners Match 50 Nizhny Novgorod Stadium, Nizhny Novgorod 6 July 201821:00 MSK (UTC+3) Winners Match 53 Match 58 Winners Match 54 Kazan Arena, Kazan 7 July 201818:00 SAMT (UTC+4) Winners Match 55 Match 60 Winners Match 56 Cosmos Arena, Samara 7 July 201821:00 MSK (UTC+3) Winners Match 51 Match 59 Winners Match 52 Fisht Olympic Stadium, Sochi Semi-finals 10 July 201821:00 MSK (UTC+3) Winners Match 57 Match 61 Winners Match 58 Krestovsky Stadium, Saint Petersburg 11 July 201821:00 MSK (UTC+3) Winners Match 59 Match 62 Winners Match 60 Luzhniki Stadium, Moscow Third place play-off 14 July 201817:00 MSK (UTC+3) Losers Match 61 Match 63 Losers Match 62 Krestovsky Stadium, Saint Petersburg Final Main article: 2018 FIFA World Cup Final 15 July 201818:00 MSK (UTC+3) Winners Match 61 Match 64 Winners Match 62 Luzhniki Stadium, Moscow Prize money Prize money amounts were announced in October 2017.[65] Position Amount (USD million) Per team Total Champions 38 38 Runners-up 28 28 Third place 24 24 Fourth place 22 22 5th–8th place 16 64 9th–16th place 12 96 17th–32nd place 8 128 Total 400 Marketing The typeface used for branding Branding The tournament logo was unveiled on 28 October 2014 by cosmonauts at the International Space Station and then projected onto Moscow's Bolshoi Theatre during an evening television programme. Russian Sports Minister Vitaly Mutko said that the logo was inspired by "Russia's rich artistic tradition and its history of bold achievement and innovation", and FIFA President Sepp Blatter stated that it reflected the "heart and soul" of the country.[66] For the branding, a typeface called Dusha (from Душа, Russian for soul) was created by Portuguese design agency Brandia Central in 2014. Mascot Main article: Zabivaka Tournament mascot, wolf Zabivaka The official mascot for the tournament was unveiled 21 October 2016, and selected through a design competition among university students. A public vote was used to select from three finalists—a cat, a tiger, and a wolf. The winner, with 53% of approximately 1 million votes, was Zabivaka—an anthropomorphic wolf dressed in the colors of the Russian national team. Zabivaka's name is derived from the Russian word забива́ть, "to strike", and his official backstory states that he is an aspiring football player who is "charming, confident and social".[67] Ticketing The first phase of ticket sales started on 14 September 2017, 12:00 Moscow Time, and lasted until 12 October 2017.[68] The general visa policy of Russia will not apply to participants and spectators, who will be able to visit Russia without a visa right before and during the competition regardless of their citizenship.[69] Spectators are nonetheless required to register for a "Fan-ID"—a special photo identification pass. A Fan-ID is required to enter the country visa-free, while both a Fan-ID and passport are required to enter matches. Fan-IDs also grant attendees free access to public transport services, including buses and train service between match sites. Fan-ID is administered by the Ministry of Digital Development, Communications and Mass Media, who may revoke these accreditations at any time to "ensure the defence capability or security of the state or public order".[70][71][72] Match ball Match ball "Telstar 18" The official match ball of the 2018 World Cup is called "Telstar 18" and is based on the name and design of the first Adidas World Cup ball from 1970. It was introduced on 9 November 2017.[73] Merchandise See also: FIFA World Cup video games On 30 April 2018, EA announced a free expansion for FIFA 18 based on the 2018 FIFA World Cup, featuring all 32 participating teams and all 12 stadiums used at the 2018 FIFA World Cup.[74] Official song Main article: Live It Up (Nicky Jam song) The official song of the tournament is "Live It Up", with vocals from Will Smith, Nicky Jam and Era Istrefi, released on 25 May. The FIFA World Cup Official Music Video was released on 8 June.[75] Preparations and costs The Russian government has earmarked a budget of around $20 billion[76] which was later slashed to $10 billion for the preparations of the World Cup of which half is spent on transport infrastructure.[77] A special emphasis was made on airports, with many of those in the host cities were renovated and modernised. In Samara, new tram lines were laid.[78] The city of Saransk got two new hotels, Mercure Saransk Centre and Four Points by Sheraton Saransk as well as few other smaller accommodation facilities.[79] Controversies Main article: List of 2018 FIFA World Cup controversies The choice of Russia as host has been challenged. Controversial issues have included the level of racism in Russian football,[80][81] and discrimination against LGBT people in wider Russian society.[82][83] Russia's involvement in the ongoing conflict in Ukraine has also caused calls for the tournament to be moved, particularly following the annexation of Crimea.[84][85] In 2014, FIFA President Sepp Blatter stated that "The World Cup has been given and voted to Russia and we are going forward with our work".[86] Allegations of corruption in the bidding processes for the 2018 and 2022 World Cups caused threats from England's FA to boycott the tournament.[87] FIFA appointed Michael J. Garcia, a US attorney, to investigate and produce a report on the corruption allegations. Although the report was never published, FIFA released a 42-page summary of its findings as determined by German judge Hans-Joachim Eckert. Eckert's summary cleared Russia and Qatar of any wrongdoing, but was denounced by critics as a whitewash.[88] Garcia criticised the summary as being "materially incomplete" with "erroneous representations of the facts and conclusions", and appealed to FIFA's Appeal Committee.[89][90] The committee declined to hear his appeal, so Garcia resigned in protest of FIFA's conduct, citing a "lack of leadership" and lack of confidence in the independence of Eckert.[91] On 3 June 2015, the FBI confirmed that the federal authorities were investigating the bidding and awarding processes for the 2018 and 2022 World Cups.[92][93] In an interview published on 7 June 2015, Domenico Scala, the head of FIFA's Audit And Compliance Committee, stated that "should there be evidence that the awards to Qatar and Russia came only because of bought votes, then the awards could be cancelled".[94][95] Prince William, Duke of Cambridge and former British Prime Minister David Cameron attended a meeting with FIFA vice-president Chung Mong-joon in which a vote-trading deal for the right to host the 2018 World Cup was discussed.[96][97] Due to the financial crisis in the Russian economy, in June 2015 a government decree cut the budget by $560 million, to a total of $11.8 billion.[98] The budget for the preparations was cut a few times, but in 2017 were again risen by $600 million to $11.8 billion.[99] After Morocco qualified for the tournament with a 2–0 victory over Ivory Coast, the celebrations by the Moroccan community in Brussels turned into a riot with cars burnt, shops looted by some 300 rioters and 20 police officers injured.[100][101] Firefighters sent to put out the fires were also attacked by the rioters.[101] 33 footballers who are alleged to be part of the steroid program are listed in the McLaren Report.[102] On 22 December 2017, it was reported that FIFA fired a doctor who had been investigating doping in Russian football.[103] On 22 May 2018 FIFA confirmed that the investigations concerning all Russian players named for the provisional squad of the FIFA World Cup in Russia had been completed, with the result that insufficient evidence was found to assert an anti-doping rule violation.[104] FIFA also decided to exclude Russians from drug testing procedures at the tournament, to make sure that samples would not be tampered with.[105] Response to Skripal poisoning See also: Reactions to the poisoning of Sergei and Yulia Skripal In response to the March 2018 poisoning of Sergei and Yulia Skripal, British Prime Minister Theresa May announced that no British ministers or members of the royal family would attend the World Cup, and issued a warning to any travelling England fans.[106] Furthermore, Iceland has decided to diplomatically boycott the Russia-held World Cup.[107] Russia responded to the comments from the UK Parliament claiming that "the west are trying to deny Russia the World Cup".[108] Terrorist threats Prior to the tournament, ISIS made a threat that they would bomb fans via drones. Information came to light after ISIS members posted video clips and photos on an encrypted app, Telegram.[109] The first threats started in October 2017, when a pro-ISIS page posted a picture of Argentina star Lionel Messi seemingly in a jail cell with blood on his face and a mock up of Nike's tagline "Just Do It" replaced with "Just Terrorism".[110] Broadcasting rights See also: 2018 FIFA World Cup broadcasting rights FIFA, through several companies, sold the broadcasting rights for the 2018 FIFA World Cup to various local broadcasters. In the United States, the 2018 World Cup will be the first men's World Cup whose English rights will be held by Fox Sports, and Spanish rights held by Telemundo. The elimination of the U.S. national team in qualifying led to concerns that U.S. interest and viewership of this World Cup would be reduced (especially among "casual" viewers interested in the U.S. team), especially noting how much Fox paid for the rights, and that U.S. games at the 2014 World Cup peaked at 16.5 million viewers. During a launch event prior to the elimination, Fox stated that it had planned to place a secondary focus on the Mexican team in its coverage to take advantage of their popularity among U.S. viewers (factoring Hispanic and Latino Americans). Fox stated that it was still committed to broadcasting a significant amount of coverage for the tournament.[111][112][113] In February 2018, Ukrainian rightsholder UA:PBC stated that it would not broadcast the World Cup. This came in the wake of growing boycotts of the tournament among the Football Federation of Ukraine and sports minister Ihor Zhdanov.[114][115] Sponsorship FIFA partners FIFA World Cup sponsors Asian supporters European supporters Adidas[116] Coca-Cola[117] Gazprom[118] Hyundai–Kia[119] Qatar Airways[120] VISA[121] Wanda Group[122] Anheuser-Busch InBev (Budweiser)[123] Hisense[124] McDonald's[125] Mengniu Dairy[126] Vivo[127] Yadea[128] Alfa-Bank[129] Alrosa[130] Rostelecom[131] Russian Railways[132] See also icon Association football portal flag Russia portal icon 2010s portal 2017 FIFA Confederations Cup 2018 FIFA World Cup qualification CONMEBOL CONCACAF AFC UEFA CAF OFC 2022 FIFA World Cup FIFA World Cup hosts Notes Standard Russian pronunciation is [tɕɪmʲpʲɪɐˈnat ˈmʲirə pə fʊdˈboɫʊ dʲvʲɪ ˈtɨsʲɪtɕɪ vəsʲɪmˈnatsətʲ] References "Ethics: Executive Committee unanimously supports recommendation to publish report on 2018/2022 FIFA World Cup™ bidding process" (Press release). 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Retrieved 16 April 2018. v t e 2018 FIFA World Cup Stages Group stage Group A Group B Group C Group D Group E Group F Group G Group H Knockout stage Final General information Qualification Awards Bids Broadcasting rights Controversies Discipline Marketing Mascot Officials Opening ceremony Preparations Seeding Squads Statistics Venues Official symbols Adidas Telstar 18 (ball) "Live It Up" (song) v t e 2018 FIFA World Cup finalists Group A Egypt Russia Saudi Arabia Uruguay Group B Iran Morocco Portugal Spain Group C Australia Denmark France Peru Group D Argentina Croatia Iceland Nigeria Group E Brazil Costa Rica Serbia Switzerland Group F Germany Mexico South Korea Sweden Group G Belgium England Panama Tunisia Group H Colombia Japan Poland Senegal 1930 1934 1938 1950 1954 1958 1962 1966 1970 1974 1978 1982 1986 1990 1994 1998 2002 2006 2010 2014 2018 v t e 2018 FIFA World Cup stadiums Kaliningrad Stadium (Kaliningrad) Krestovsky Stadium (Saint Petersburg) Luzhniki Stadium (Moscow) Otkritie Arena (Moscow) Kazan Arena (Kazan) Nizhny Novgorod Stadium (Nizhny Novgorod) Cosmos Arena (Samara) Volgograd Arena (Volgograd) Mordovia Arena (Saransk) Rostov Arena (Rostov-on-Don) Fisht Olympic Stadium (Sochi) Central Stadium (Yekaterinburg) v t e FIFA World Cup Tournaments Uruguay 1930 Italy 1934 France 1938 Brazil 1950 Switzerland 1954 Sweden 1958 Chile 1962 England 1966 Mexico 1970 West Germany 1974 Argentina 1978 Spain 1982 Mexico 1986 Italy 1990 United States 1994 France 1998 South Korea/Japan 2002 Germany 2006 South Africa 2010 Brazil 2014 Russia 2018 Qatar 2022 2026 2030 2034 Qualification 1930 1934 1938 1950 1954 1958 1962 1966 1970 1974 1978 1982 1986 1990 1994 1998 2002 2006 2010 2014 2018 Finals 1930 1934 1938 1950 1954 1958 1962 1966 1970 1974 1978 1982 1986 1990 1994 1998 2002 2006 2010 2014 2018 Squads 1930 1934 1938 1950 1954 1958 1962 1966 1970 1974 1978 1982 1986 1990 1994 1998 2002 2006 2010 2014 2018 Seedings 1998 2002 2006 2010 2014 2018 Broadcasters 1998 2002 2006 2010 2014 2018 Bids 2014 2018 and 2022 2026 2030 Records and statistics All-time table Goalscorers top goalscorers finals goalscorers hat-tricks own goals Penalty shoot-outs Player appearances Red cards Referees Team appearances Teams with no appearances Winners Miscellaneous Awards Balls Economics Final draw History Hosts Mascots Official films Official songs Organisers Trophy Video games Notes: There was no qualification for the 1930 World Cup as places were given by invitation only. In 1950, there was no final; the article is about the decisive match of the final group stage. v t e World championships in 2018 « 20172019 » Summer sports Archery (indoor) Association football (men) Athletics (indoor) Badminton individual team Basketball women Basketball (3x3) Beach handball Bowls Boxing (women) Cycling road track mountain bike & trials cyclo-cross BMX Floorball (men) Fencing Gymnastics artistic rhythmic trampoline acrobatic aerobic Karate Quidditch Rowing Rugby sevens men women Sailing Squash men women's team Swimming (25 m) Table tennis Volleyball men women Winter sports Bandy men women Curling men women mixed mixed doubles Figure skating Ice hockey men women Ski flying Speed skating allround sprint short track Cue & mind sports Chess open women Darts BDO PDC Snooker six-red Motor sports Air race Endurance racing F1 Powerboat Formula E 2017–18 2018–19 Formula One F2 GP3 Motocross MotoGP Moto2 Moto3 Rally WRC-2 WRC-3 Rallycross Speedway individual team Sidecarcross Superbike Supersport Touring car The Kremlin As throughout its history, the Kremlin remains the heart of the city. It is the symbol of both Russian and (for a time) Soviet power and authority, and it has served as the official residence of the president of the Russian Federation since 1991. The Kremlin’s crenellated red brick walls and its 20 towers (19 with spires) were built at the end of the 15th century, when a host of Italian builders arrived in Moscow at the invitation of Ivan III (the Great). One of the most important towers, the Saviour (Spasskaya) Tower, leading to Red Square, was built in 1491 by Pietro Solario, who designed most of the main towers; its belfry was added in 1624–25. The chimes of its clock are broadcast by radio as a time signal to the whole country. Also on the Red Square front is the St. Nicholas (Nikolskaya) Tower, built originally in 1491 and rebuilt in 1806. The two other principal gate towers—the Trinity (Troitskaya) Tower, with a bridge and outer barbican (the Kutafya Tower), and the Borovitskaya Tower—rise from the western wall. Within the Kremlin walls is one of the most striking and beautiful architectural ensembles in the world: a combination of churches and palaces, which are open to the public and are among the city’s most popular tourist attractions, and the highest offices of the state, which are surrounded by strict security. Around the centrally located Cathedral Square are grouped three magnificent cathedrals, superb examples of Russian church architecture at its height in the late 15th and early 16th centuries. These and the other churches in the Kremlin ceased functioning as places of worship after the Russian Revolution of 1917, but services recommenced in most Kremlin churches beginning in 1990. The Cathedral of the Assumption is the oldest, built of white stone in 1475–79 in the Italianate-Byzantine style. Its pure, simple, and beautifully proportioned lines and elegant arches are crowned by five golden domes. The Orthodox metropolitans and patriarchs of the 14th to 18th centuries are buried there. Across the square is the Cathedral of the Annunciation, built in 1484–89 by craftsmen from Pskov (though burned in 1547, it was rebuilt in 1562–64). Its cluster of chapels is topped by golden roofs and domes. Inside are a number of early 15th-century icons attributed to Theophanes the Greek and to Andrey Rublyov, considered by many to be the greatest of all Russian icon painters. The third cathedral, dedicated to St. Michael the Archangel, was rebuilt in 1505–08; in it are buried the princes of Moscow and the tsars of Russia (except Boris Godunov) up to the founding of St. Petersburg. Just off the square stands the splendid, soaring white bell tower of Ivan III; built in the 16th century and damaged in 1812, it was restored a few years later. At its foot is the enormous Tsar Bell, cast in 1733–35 but never rung. Nearby is the Tsar Cannon, cast in 1586. Beside the gun are located the mid-17th-century Cathedral of the Twelve Apostles and the adjoining Patriarchal Palace. Iconostasis in Archangel Cathedral (1505–08), the Kremlin, Moscow. Iconostasis in Archangel Cathedral (1505–08), the Kremlin, Moscow. Novosti Press Agency On the west of Cathedral Square is a group of palaces of various periods. The Palace of Facets—so called from the exterior finish of faceted, white stone squares—was built in 1487–91. Behind it is the Terem Palace of 1635–36, which incorporates several older churches, including that of the Resurrection of Lazarus, dating from 1393. Both became part of the Great Kremlin Palace, built as a royal residence in 1838–49 and formerly used for sessions of the Supreme Soviet of the U.S.S.R.; its long, yellow-washed facade dominates the riverfront. It is connected to the Armoury Palace, built in 1844–51 and now housing the Armoury Museum, with a large collection of treasures of the tsars. Along the northeast wall of the Kremlin are the Arsenal (1702–36), the former Senate building (1776–88), and the School for Red Commanders (1932–34). The only other Soviet-period building within the Kremlin is the Palace of Congresses (1960–61), with a vast auditorium used for political gatherings and as a theatre. The Kitay-gorod The Kitay-gorod is a historic quarter of Moscow and a major tourist site. Within the Kitay-gorod, along the east wall of the Kremlin, lies Red Square, the ceremonial centre of the capital and the scene of holiday parades. The modest Lenin Mausoleum blends into the wall, which itself contains the graves of most of the U.S.S.R.’s leadership. At the southern end of Red Square is the Church of the Intercession, better known as the Cathedral of St. Basil the Blessed. Built in 1554–60 to commemorate the defeat of the Tatars (Mongols) of Kazan and Astrakhan by Ivan IV (the Terrible), it is a unique and magnificent architectural display, each of its 10 domes differing in design and colour. Along Red Square facing the Kremlin is the State Department Store—usually called by its Russian acronym, GUM (Gosudarstvenny Universalny Magazin)—with its long aisles, iron bridges linking the upper floors, and vast skylights. The slightly earlier State Historical Museum (1875–83) closes off the northern end of the square. In 1990 the Kremlin and Red Square areas were designated a UNESCO World Heritage site. Many old churches survive in the Kitay-gorod. Of particular note is the Church of the Trinity of Nikitniki (1628–34), built for the merchant Grigory Nikitnikov. Other notable churches in this quarter are the 15th-century Church of St. Anne of the Conception and the Epiphany Cathedral (1693–96). The Kitay-gorod was for centuries the commercial centre of Moscow, and its narrow, crowded streets still contain former banks, the stock-exchange building, and warehouses. Many of the old buildings near the river, however, were demolished in the 1960s to make room for the massive Rossiya Hotel (completed in 1967; torn down in 2006); nevertheless, a row of buildings, including the 16th-century house of the Romanov boyars and Old English Embassy and the 17th-century Monastery of the Sign, remain. The inner city Inner Moscow functions like a typical central business district. In this area are concentrated most of the government offices and administrative headquarters of state bodies, most of the hotels and larger shops, and the principal theatres, museums, and art galleries. The inner city’s function as a residential area has not been completely lost, however; although many large prerevolution and Soviet-style apartment buildings were transformed into offices in the 1990s, some quiet residential neighbourhoods linger within the Garden Ring, mostly consisting of luxury apartments for Russia’s new elite. In the remainder of the central part of Moscow, within the Garden Ring, are buildings representative of every period of Moscow’s development from the 15th century to the present day. Scattered through the inner city are several fine examples of 17th-century church architecture, notably the Church of All Saints of Kulishki, built in the 1670s and ’80s to commemorate those killed in the Battle of Kulikovo (1380), and the Church of the Nativity of Putniki (1649–52). This was the period of development of the Moscow Baroque style; one of its best examples, located outside the city centre on the site of the former village of Fili, is the Church of the Intercession (1693). Buildings of the Classical period—beginning about the latter half of the 18th century and covering the rebuilding of Moscow after the fire of 1812—abound within the Garden Ring and the Boulevard Ring (the latter forming a rough horseshoe north of the Moscow River around the Kremlin and Kitay-gorod) and in Zamoskvoreche, a largely residential district south of the river. Notable examples are the old university and the former meeting place of the assembly of nobles with its Hall of Columns (now the House of Trade Unions), both built by Matvei Kazakov in the 1780s; the elegant Pashkov House (1785–86), now part of the Russian State Library but still commonly referred to as the V.I. Lenin Library; the Lunin House (1818–23), now the Museum of Oriental Art; the Manezh (Riding School; 1817), which is now used as an exhibition hall; and the magnificent Bolshoi Theatre (1821–24), rebuilt in 1856 after a fire. Toward the end of the 19th century and continuing into the early 20th, buildings in the revivalist Old Russian style were built, including the Tretyakov Gallery (1906) and—just outside the Garden Ring—the Yaroslavl railway station (1902–04). Side by side with the old appeared new buildings in the modern, functional style of the 1920s, in the ponderous, often overly ornate style of the later period of Joseph Stalin’s rule (1945–53), and in the high-rise concrete and glass predominant since the 1960s. Among more imaginative examples of later architecture are the Taganka Theatre (1983) and the Gazprom and Lukoil office buildings (1990s). In the Soviet period much more open space was created, especially by constructing large squares such as Manezhnaya. Many streets were widened—in particular, Tverskaya Prospekt (called Gorky Prospekt, for Russian novelist Maxim Gorky, from 1932 to 1992), one of Moscow’s principal radial roads, which is lined with large shops, hotels, and offices. The Garden Ring itself has been widened to form a broad highway with multiple lanes in each direction and with overpasses where it is intersected by the main radial routes. In the 1960s a new radial street, Kalinina, was built through an area of older housing westward from the Kremlin to the Moscow River; it is lined by high-rise office and apartment buildings, linked at street and second-floor levels by a shopping mall. At its outer end rises a lofty three-winged building overlooking the river, which for many years housed offices of Comecon (Council for Mutual Economic Assistance; disbanded in 1991) and now serves as the headquarters for the Moscow city government. Yet just next to this bustling thoroughfare is Arbat Prospekt (also called Old Arbat), one of the most picturesque streets of Moscow and now closed to vehicular traffic. Most of the historic buildings of central Moscow have been preserved—since the 1960s, much careful restoration and repair work has been undertaken—but some architectural monuments disappeared in the early Soviet period. In 1931 Stalin demolished the 19th-century Cathedral of Christ the Saviour, and, beginning in 1958, a vast open-air swimming pool occupied its foundation, in accordance with Khrushchev’s orders. The cathedral, however, was restored to its original design and reopened in 1997. Its massive gilded cupola overlooking the Kremlin is one of the major focal points of the downtown skyline. The middle zone Beyond the Garden Ring and approximately as far as the Moscow Little Ring Railway lies a zone mostly of late 18th- and 19th-century development. Within it are many factories and the principal railway stations and freight yards. The Likhachyov Automobile Works and its associated housing occupy some of the southeastern sector. Enveloped within this zone are further examples of the best of Classical Moscow, such as the 18th-century palace that houses the Presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences on Leninsky Prospekt. Also to the southwest, on the banks of the Moscow River, are the most important of the fortified monasteries, the 16th-century Novodevichy Convent, with its beautiful Smolensk Cathedral, whose tall bell tower (1690) dominates the churches and buildings within the crenellated walls and towers of the convent. The cathedral now houses the Novodevichy Convent Museum, and the complex includes a cemetery where Khrushchev and other prominent figures from Soviet history are buried. Just south of Novodevichy, within the large loop of the river and facing the Vorobyëvy Hills, is the sports complex known as Luzhniki Park, dominated by the huge football (soccer) stadium formerly known as Central Lenin Stadium (built 1955–56). The middle zone underwent the most urban renewal in Soviet times. Among the features of the present Moscow skyline are the ornate vysotkas (“sky houses”), imposing buildings of about 20 to 30 stories along the Garden Ring that were built in the late 1940s and early 1950s under Stalin. In the same Stalin-period style are the Ukraina Hotel across the river and the gigantic building in the Moscow State University complex on the Vorobyëvy Hills. Most of the renewal that has taken place since 1960 consists of extensive neighbourhoods of wide streets lined with rows of apartment buildings. A number of areas still have narrow streets of 19th-century housing and smaller factories. Moscow State University Moscow State University Moscow State University. Georg Dembowski Major post-Soviet developments in the middle zone included the erection of a large Catholic church on Bolshaya Gruzinskaya, a third highway circling the periphery of the middle zone, and large-scale upgrading of housing stock; indeed, the term yevroremont (“European-style repair”) was coined in the 1990s to describe this Muscovite refurbishment, generally referring to the updating of utilities and amenities to Western standards. Outer Moscow Beyond Moscow’s third ring are an industrial zone and extensive housing construction sites. Closer to the centre are microrayony, or clusters of large apartment blocks, typically five- to nine-story apartment buildings constructed predominantly of yellowish brick. The early five-story versions of these structures were referred to as khrushchovkas, named for Khrushchev, who initiated their construction in the 1950s. Farther out, the neighbourhoods are characterized by high-rise buildings made of standardized, prefabricated concrete sections. Commonly, the street levels of the buildings are occupied by shops. Streets are broad and tree-lined. Between the densely populated microrayony are wedge-shaped areas of open land, notably the extensive Izmaylovsky Park to the east, Sokolniki Park and large forest tracts to the northeast, and the grounds of the permanent Exhibition of National Economic Achievements to the north. Nearby, in Dzerzhinsky Park at Ostankino, is the 1,758-foot (536-metre) television tower, which sustained a fire in 2000. Monuments of the past, such as the 17th-century Church of the Intercession in the Medvedkovo district of Moscow, survive in the sea of new buildings. Moscow’s growth has engulfed a number of former country estates, the mansions of which date mostly from the period of Classical architecture. On the east side of the city is Kuskovo, once the estate of the Sheremetyev family, one of the wealthiest and most powerful families in Russia; its palace, built in the 1770s, houses a church, hermitage, and Baroque grotto. To the south is the Uzkoe mansion, formerly belonging to the Trubetskoy family; to the north are the Petrovsky Palace (built by Kazakov in 1775–82) and, best known of all, the Ostankino Palace (1790–98). In the southeastern suburbs is the former village of Kolomenskoye, once a summer residence of the princes of Moscow. Its most remarkable architectural ensemble of buildings is dominated by the tower of the Church of the Ascension (1532). The Kazan Church and the gatehouse both date from the later 17th century. The surrounding park has a collection of early Russian wooden architecture, brought from various parts of the country. In the nearby village of Dyakovo is the ornate Church of St. John the Baptist, built in 1557. Outlying areas Remaining areas of open land and forest lie within the Ring Road, together with the satellite industrial towns and prigorods (suburbs) that were incorporated into the city in 1960. The principal satellite towns are Krasnogorsk and Odintsovo to the west, Khimki and Zelenograd to the northwest, Mytishchi and Koroliov to the north, Balashikha and Dzierzhynsk to the east, Liubertsy to the southeast, and Solntsevo to the south. Newer outer suburbs include extensive open areas, and parts of the periphery are designated as greenbelt. Alongside the city’s satellite towns, large-scale commercial agriculture and “agro-recreational” plots owned by residents of Moscow (e.g., dachas, collective orchards, and vegetable gardens) extend 12 to 50 miles (20 to 80 km) from the city centre. The dachas and their adjacent or surrounding plots are usually owned by the elite and tend to be the most luxurious of the residences; they are mainly summer villas but in many instances are upgraded to year-round homes. The collective orchards are smaller than the dachas but many also serve as seasonal or year-round residences. Vegetable gardens are smaller still and are normally devoid of a housing unit. There are also Muscovites who own rural village homes that are remote from Moscow, some located in adjacent oblasti (provinces). Numerous mansions owned by the Muscovite elite emerged around Moscow in the 1990s, becoming a signature of Russian-style suburbia. The earliest mansions, built in 1992–95, have the appearance of stylized castles; those built later resemble North American single-family homes. Some are freestanding structures within a traditional dacha, but many are fenced in. Many owners of these mansions retain their Moscow apartments as well, though the number of year-round suburbanites among them is growing. There has also been a surge in the construction of multistory residences just outside Moscow beginning in the late 1990s. The Moscow suburban real estate market has generally been laissez-faire, and land is sold, bought, and exchanged with ease. The most prestigious plots lie to the west of Moscow. Agricultural land available for commercial use began to decrease in the immediate suburbs in the 1990s; by the early 21st century most of it had been claimed by developers. Just outside the Ring Road, many international companies opened offices in business parks, some of which include hotels, conference and entertainment venues, and even residential housing. Foreign-owned automotive assembly plants and giant retail facilities also began to multiply on the outskirts of the city. Kremlin, Russian kreml, formerly kremnik, central fortress in medieval Russian cities, usually located at a strategic point along a river and separated from the surrounding parts of the city by a wooden—later a stone or brick—wall with ramparts, a moat, towers, and battlements. Several capitals of principalities (e.g., Moscow, Pskov, Novgorod, Smolensk, Rostov, Suzdal, Yaroslavl, Vladimir, and Nizhny Novgorod) were built around old kremlins, which generally contained cathedrals, palaces for princes and bishops, governmental offices, and munitions stores. R. Ziegler/Pictorial Parade The original Moscow Kremlin dates from 1156. The oldest remaining section dates from the 14th–15th century and is located in the southwest portion of the current complex, which is triangular in shape and covers an area of some 70 acres (28 hectares). It lost its importance as a fortress in the 1620s but was used as the centre of Russian government until 1712 and again after 1918. Originally constructed of wood, the Moscow Kremlin was rebuilt in white stone in the 14th century and then totally rebuilt in red brick in the late 15th century by Italian architects. It has since been repaired and altered on numerous occasions. Its architecture thus reflects its long history and encompasses a variety of styles, including Byzantine, Russian Baroque, and classical. The structure is triangular in shape. Its east side faces Red Square, and it has four gateways and a postern (back gate), concealing a secret passage to the Moscow River. Following the Bolshevik seizure of power in October 1917, the Moscow Kremlin became the headquarters of Vladimir Lenin’s Soviet government and the symbol of the communist dictatorship. After the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, it became the executive headquarters of the Russian federation. The Moscow Kremlin and the adjacent Red Square were designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1990. . This coin is silver plated Condition: New, Surname Initial: K, Modified Item: No, Country/Region of Manufacture: Russian Federation, Certification: Uncertified, Type: Sport, Options: European Players/ Clubs, Sub-Type: Sport, Object: Coin

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